Different Types of Sewing Machines and Their Uses

Specification and Uses of Different Types of Sewing Machines

Md. Didarul Islam
Dept. of Textile Engineering,
BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology (BUFT)
Email: didarul.buft@gmail.com

 

Introduction:
A sewing machine is a machine which is used to sew fabric and materials together with thread. Sewing machines were invented during the first industrial revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies.

Objectives:

  1. To know about the different uses of sewing machines.
  2. To know about different type of stitch classes and seam

Layout:
A layout plan is given below for a jacket by including only the machine which we studied –

Single needle lock stitch sewing machine

2-Needle chain stitch machine

4-thread overlock chain stitch sewing machine

5-thread overlock sewing machine

Feed of the arm machine

Velcro tape attach sewing machine

Top and bottom coverage chain stitch machine

Eye let hole chain stitch sewing machine

Button attaching sewing machine

Zig zag lock stitch sewing machine

There are also some machines which will be required for making a jacket. But we include some of them because we knew about them from our live lab class.

Specification and Uses of Different Types of Sewing Machines

1. Blind stitch machine

  • Brand: JACK
  • Bed type: Cylinder
  • No. of Needle: 1 (curved needle is used) Thread: 1
  • Stitch Class: 101
  • RPM: 3000+

Applications / Uses of blind stitch sewing machines: Used on blazer, towser hem purpose.

You may also like: Blind Stitch Sewing Machine: Parts, Thread Path and Sewing Mechanism

2. Single needle lock stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: JACK
  • Bed type: Flat
  • No. of Needle: 1
  • RPM: 4000 (We can use 5000 rpm)
  • Drop feed mechanism.

Applications / Uses: Suitable for sewing various shirts, suits, especially for collar, front of garment

stitch of Single needle lock stitch sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of Single needle lock stitch sewing machine

3. 4-thread overlock chain stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: JACK
  • Bed type: Flat
  • No. of Needle: 2
  • Thread: 4 (2 for lopper, 2 for needle)
  • Stitch Class: 514
  • RPM: 3000+
  • Seam: Superimposed seam

Applications / Uses: Knit garments joining purpose.

inside stitch of 4-thread overlock chain stitch sewing machine
Fig: Inside stitch of 4-thread overlock chain stitch sewing machine
top side stitch of 4-thread overlock chain stitch sewing machine
Fig: Top side stitch of 4-thread overlock chain stitch sewing machine

4. Top and bottom coverage chain stitch machine

  1. Brand: JACK
  2. Industrial Name: Flat lock
  3. Bed type: Cylinder
  4. No. of Needle: 2 (Maximum usable 3 needle)
  5. Thread: 4 (1 for looper, 3 for needle)
  6. RPM: 3000+
  7. Seam: Edge neatening seam

Applications / Uses: Stitching on T-shirt bottom hem, used on knit garments top stitch.

stitch of Top & bottom coverage chain stitch machine
Fig: Stitch of Top and bottom coverage chain stitch machine

5. Feed of the arm machine

  • Brand: JUKI
  • Bed type: Arm bed
  • No. of Needle: 2 (Depend on looper)
  • Thread: 4
  • Stitch class: 401
  • RPM: 3000+
  • Seam: Lapped seam
  • Lap folder used for folding the fabric

Applications / Uses: Used on woven garments, side seam, back yokw join, slip join, commonly used on flat tubular operation.

stitch of Feed of the arm machine
Fig: Stitch of Feed of the arm machine

6. 3-thread overlock machine

  • Brand: JUKI
  • Bed type: Flat
  • No. of Needle: 1
  • Looper: 2
  • Thread: 3
  • Stitch class: 504
  • RPM: 3000+
  • Seam: Edge neatening seam

Applications / Uses: Used on woven garments and single fabric edge finishing

7. 2 Needle zig zag chain stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: KANSAI
  • Bed type: Flat
  • No. of Needle: 2
  • Looper: 2
  • Stitch class: 404
  • RPM: 3000+
  • Seam: Flat seam

Applications / Uses: Decoration purpose used.

stitch of 2 Needle zig zag chain stitch sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of 2 Needle zig zag chain stitch sewing machine

8. Multi thread chain stitch machine

  • Brand: KANSAI
  • No. of Needle: 1 (auto movable needle)

Applications / Uses: The design of the decoration is pre-install in the software of this machine. It is used in fabric edge.

stitch of Multi thread chain stitch machine
Fig: Stitch of Multi thread chain stitch machine

9. Button hole lock stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: BROTHER
  • Bed type: Raised bed
  • No. of Needle: 1
  • Thread: 3
  • Stitch class: 304

You may also like: Button Hole Machine: Parts, Specification and Working Principle

Applications / Uses: Create button hole on the fabric, it operating by machine computer panel.

stitch of Button hole lock stitch sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of Button hole lock stitch sewing machine

10. Zig zag lock stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: JUKI
  • Bed type: Flat
  • Stitch class: 315

Applications / Uses: Decoration purpose.

stitch of Zig zag lock stitch sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of Zig zag lock stitch sewing machine

11. Button attaching sewing machine

  • Brand: BROTHER
  • Bed type: Cylinder
  • No. of Needle: 1
  • Stitch class: 304

Applications / Uses: Attaching the 2/4-hole button on fabric

stitch of Button attaching sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of Button attaching sewing machine

12. 5-thread overlock sewing machine

  • Brand: JUKI
  • No. of Needle: 2
  • Looper: 3
  • Stitch class: 516
  • Seam: Superimpose

Applications / Uses: Use on woven garments joining purpose.

stitch of 5-thread overlock sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of 5-thread overlock sewing machine

13. 2-Needle chain stitch machine

  • Brand: JUKI
  • Bed type: Flat
  • No. of Needle: 2
  • Looper: 2
  • Thread: 4

Applications / Uses: Use on Top stitching, back yoke joining purpose.

stitch of 2-Needle chain stitch machine
Fig: Stitch of 2-Needle chain stitch machine

14. 2-Needle lock stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: GEMSY
  • Bed type: Flat
  • Bobbin: 2
  • No. of Needle: 2 (It is also possible to work by turning off the one needle)
  • Stitch class: 301

Applications / Uses: Use on pocket join, commonly used on denim and jeans garments.

stitch of 2-Needle lock stitch sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of 2-Needle lock stitch sewing machine

15. Velcro tape attach sewing machine

  • Brand: GEMSY
  • Bed type: Cylinder
  • Needle: 1

Applications / Uses: Attaching the labels on the fabric, also used on decoration purpose.

stitch of Velcro Tape Attach Sewing Machine
Fig: Stitch of Velcro tape attach sewing machine

16. Multi thread multi needle chain stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: GEMSY
  • Industrial Name: KANSAI
  • Bed type: Raised bed
  • No. of needle: 4 (12 needle, 12 looper usable)
  • Thread: 24

Applications / Uses: Box plate of the shirt can be sewn, used on woven and knit garments.

stitch of Multi thread multi needle chain stitch sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of Multi thread multi needle chain stitch sewing machine

16. Eye let hole chain stitch sewing machine

  • Brand: DURKOPP ADLER
  • Bed type: Raised bed

Applications / Uses: Create button hole on the blazer, Jacket

stitch of Eye let hole chain stitch sewing machine
Fig: Stitch of Eye let hole chain stitch sewing machine

17. Fusing machine

  • Brand: HASHIMA
  • Roller: 2

Applications / Uses: It is suitable for woven/knitting fabrics. Whole role fabric and interlining are fusible because the pressure is applied for a short time on the interlining and the fabric.

Fusing machine
Fig: Fusing machine

Work Aids of Sewing Machine
Work aids of sewing machines means additional working parts which are attached with the general sewing machine to increase production to reduce faults and to increase quality are called work aids. It can be fitted with machine easily.

List of work aids used in a sewing machine:

  1. Guide
  2. Compensating foot
  3. Specialized pressure foot
  4. Stitching jig
  5. Rack guide
  6. Light
  7. Folders
  8. Slack feeding

References:

  1. From BUFT apparel lab
  2. Class lecture

You may also like:

  1. Anatomy of a Sewing Machine and Their Functions
  2. Latest Technology in Garments Sewing Field
  3. Common Sewing Machine Problems and Remedies
  4. Sewing Machine Types, Features and Functions
  5. Working Aids in Sewing Machine and Garment Production
  6. Sewing Machine Maintenance Schedule
  7. Overlock Sewing Machine: Repair, Maintenance, Setting and Replacement of Different Parts
  8. Maintenance, Repair and Setting of Lock Stitch Machine
  9. Sewing Machine Engineering and Attachments
  10. Thread Path, Parts & Main Adjustment Points of Overlock Machine

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