The word “Textile” is come from Latin word “to weave”, “to braid”, “and “to construct”. Textile term originally applied only to woven fabrics, now generally applied to any flexible material that is composed of thin films of polymers or of fibers, yarns, or fabrics or products made of films, fibers, yarns, or fabrics. Textile has been a fundamental part of human life since the beginning of civilization and the methods and materials used to make them have expended enormously. In this article flow chart of textile engineering is discussed details.
Textile engineering deals with the application of science to reveal the relationships between the raw material, process & the finished product to achieve the desired functional or aesthetic effects in the fabric. The success of fabric engineering depends on reliable objective measurements, prediction & control of fabric quality & performance attributes. Understanding the theoretical relationships between fabric parameters enables the fabric designer to play with different fibers, yarn tex, threads per centimeter and weave to vary texture & other fabric properties. These relationships provide simplified formulae to facilitate calculations which are of value for apparel engineering, problems of structure & mechanical properties.
Dictionary of Textile define Textile:
I. A broad classification of materials that can be utilized in constructing fabrics, including textile fiber and yarns.
II. Designates the constructed fabric including woven, knitted and non-woven construction as well as lace and crocheted goods.
III. Descriptive of processes, organizations, personal associated with the manufacturer of products from fibers or yarn.
Textile manufacturing is a major industry. It is based in the conversion of three types of fiber into yarn, then fabric, then textiles. These are then fabricated into clothes or other artifacts. Cotton remains the most important natural fiber, so is treated in depth. There are many variable processes available at the spinning and fabric-forming stages coupled with the complexities of the finishing and coloration processes to the production of wide ranges of products. There remains a large industry that uses hand techniques to achieve the same results.
A textile product passes through several processes in its manufacturing before it becomes wearable. These processes include spinning, weaving, knitting, processing and garments manufacturing. The process flow chart of textile engineering is shown in below figure.
Flow Chart of Textile Engineering in Details
Input→→→→→→→→→→ Section→→→→→→→→→ Output
Fiber→→→→→ → Spinning →→→→→→→ Yarn
Yarn →→→→→→→→ Weaving →→→→→→ Grey Cloth
Grey Cloth →→→→ Wet Processing →→→ Dyed/Printed Fabric
Dyed/Printed Fabric→ → → Garment Manufacturing →→→→ End product
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Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.