What is Textile? | Basic Textiles | Flow Chart of Textile Processing | Uses of Textiles

Last Updated on 15/07/2021

What is Textile?
The word ”textile” originally applied only to woven fabrics, now generally applied to fibers, yarns, or fabrics or products made offers, yarns or fabrics. The term textile originates from the Latin verb texere to weave but, as the Textile Institute’s Terms and Definitions Glossary explains, it is now ”a general term applied to any manufacture from fibers, filaments or yarns characterized by flexibility, fineness and high ratio of Length to thickness”. A textile product passes through several processes in its manufacturing before it becomes wearable. These processes include spinning, weaving, knitting, processing and garment manufacturing.

what is textile

Textiles, especially fabrics the fundamental component of a ready-made garment, because it is the basic raw material of a garment. So, it is important to know the manufacturing sequence of fabric from fiber. The quality product is the main goal at present time, without knowledge of Textiles manufacturing i.e. fiber, yarn and fabrics it is impossible to maintain the quality of a garment. Before elaborating on whole process of grey fabric manufacturing Let us look on what is textile fiber, yarn and fabric and what are the process flow chart of Textile Manufacturing can be described.

Branches of Textiles
Fig: Branches of Textiles (Photo: Shutterstock)

Normally, textile is a woven fabric; now applied generally to any one of the following:

  1. Staple fibers and filaments suitable for conversion to or use as yarns, or for the preparation of woven, knit, or nonwoven fabrics.
  2. Yarns made from natural or manufactured fibers.
  3. Fabrics and other manufactured products made from fibers as defined above and from yarns.
  4. Garments and other articles fabricated from fibers, yarns, or fabrics when the products retain the characteristic flexibility and drape of the original fabrics.

Textile is a very widely used term which includes:

  1. All kinds of fibers (e.g. Cotton, Jute, Wool, Polyester, Viscose etc.)
  2. All kinds of Process (e.g.: Spinning, Weaving, Knitting, Dyeing, Printing, Finishing etc.)
  3. All kinds of machineries (e.g.: Spinning machineries, weaving machineries, Knitting machineries, Dyeing machineries, Testing machineries etc.)
  4. To convert textiles fiber into finished or end use products (e.g.: Garments, Technical textiles, Geo textiles, Medical textiles, E-textiles etc.)

Flow Chart of Textile Processing: 

Input/Raw Materials →→ Processing Steps → →→→→→ Output

Textiles Fiber →→→→→→ Yarn Manufacturing →→→→→→→→→→→ Yarn
(Spinning Mill)

Yarn→→→→→→→ Fabric Manufacturing→→→→→Grey Fabrics
(Weaving/Knitting Industry)

Grey Fabrics→→→→→→Wet Processing →→→→→Finished Fabrics
(Dyeing, Printing & Finishing Industry)

Finished Fabrics→→→→ →Garment Manufacturing→→→→→ Garments
(Garment Industry)

You can also like: Textile Manufacturing Process | Process Flow Chart of Textile Manufacturing

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