Final Inspection in Garment Industry
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Final inspection consists of inspecting finished garments from the buyer’s point of view; size measurements, form fitting (putting garments on the proper size manikins to see if they properly fit labeled sizes); and live modeling if necessary (again to see if the garments properly fit the labeled sizes). Final inspection in garment industry may occur before or after garments are packed in poly bags and cartons. If it is done after garments packed, then proper size and style markings on the package can also be checked.
Total Acceptable Product (TAP) & Acceptable Quality Limit (AQL)
TAP means the number of acceptable products in a lot. On the other hand, AQL means maximum acceptable capability or rejected % of products in a lot.
10,000 dozen T-Shirts have AQL of 4%. Then find out TAP of that lot.
100 dozens T-Shirts have acceptable limit = 4 dozens
1 dozen T-Shirts has acceptable limit = 4/100 dozen
10,000 dozens T-Shirts have acceptable limit = (4/100) X 10,000 dozens
= 400 dozens
TAP = (10,000 – 400) dozens
= 9600 dozens
Generally in garment industries, inspections are made 1%, 1.5%, 2.5%, 4%, 6.5%, 10%, etc. This depends on the buyer’s requirements.
Uses of AQL
In this system, sample is selected by random sampling technique from a lot. After proper inspection, the decision is taken whether the lot will be accepted or rejected. This is applicable for raw materials to finished products inspection as well as garments. This system is popular and used widely in the world trade.
Acceptable sampling system consists of 5 parts:
- Lot size
- Sample size
- Accept number
- Reject number
Customer’s choice is given priority in this system. It is the customer who decides whether the goods will be inspected at AQL of 1.5%, 2.5% or so on. They generally give preference to the major defects (such as oil mark, holes, torn, etc) i.e. which at a glance seems to be odd for use. They also give the direction on sampling technique.
In garments industry finishing is a process which consists of pressing or ironing, folding and packing of garments. Among them, by pressing we remove unwanted crease or wrinkles from garments. Again folding is done by ironing. After pressing, the process used to fold the garment in a required size and shape is called folding.
Types of Packing and Folding
There are four types of packing and folding for shirts, they are mentioned below:
1. Stand up pack
In which collar is folded and kept at 900 angles with the body.
2. Semi-stand up pack
In which collar is folded and kept at 450 angles with the body.
3. Flat pack
In which collar is folded and completely laid flattened on the body.
4. Hanger pack
In which shirt is supplied in box by hanging on a hanger.
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- Basic Concept of Quality, Quality Control and Inspection in Apparel Industry
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Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.