Quality Control in Garment Factory: A Comprehensive Review
Karthi Krishna1, Kanakha Lakshmi2 & Sharan Raj3
Final Year, Department of Fashion Technology, Sona College of Technology, Salem1,2,3.
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com & firstname.lastname@example.org
This article aims to provide a comprehensive review of the quality control process in garment factory. Quality control ensures that garments meet customer expectations and industry standards. Quality control in garment factory involves inspecting garments during production and at the end of the process. This article will discuss the different elements of quality control, such as fabric, trim, accessories, labelling, packing, and inspection. It will also examine the importance of training staff in quality control and the use of technology and digital tools. Finally, the article will provide recommendations for improving the quality control process in garment factories.
Keywords: Inspection, Labels, Quality, Garments, Improvement.
In the garment industry, quality control is essential for ensuring that garments meet customer expectations and industry standards. Quality control in garment factory is a process that involves inspecting garments during production and at the end of the process. Quality control is important for preventing defects, ensuring product safety, improving customer satisfaction, and reducing costs. Quality control in garment factories is a complex process with many components. To ensure quality control, it is important to understand the different elements of the process, such as fabric, trim, accessories, labeling, packing, and inspection.
Once a fabric is selected, it is important to conduct further tests before production begins. These tests may include shrinkage, colorfastness, and abrasion testing. Depending on the fabric and the end-use of the garment, additional tests may be required. For example, flame retardant fabrics may need to be tested to ensure that the fabric meets industry standards. Finally, it is important to track the production of the fabric, including the amount of fabric purchased, the length of the fabric rolls, and the number of rolls per lot. This information should be used to ensure that the fabric is delivered on time and meets customer expectations.
Trim is an essential part of the garment manufacturing process, as it can vastly improve the look, feel, and quality of the garment. It can be used to add decorative elements, provide additional protection, or simply make the garment look more professional. Furthermore, trim can also serve as a branding element, as it can be customized to reflect a company’s logo or design. In addition, trim can also be used to hide seams, ensure a snug fit, and provide additional comfort. It is important to ensure that trim is of high quality and free from defects, as poor-quality trim can significantly reduce the overall quality of the garment. Furthermore, trim should be applied securely and uniformly to the garment, as this will ensure the garment looks neat and professional. Finally, trim should also be inspected for compliance with customer requirements and industry standards.
Accessories are items such as ornaments, appliques, and beads that are used to embellish garments. Accessories should be inspected for flaws, such as tears, stains, and discoloration. In addition, it is important to ensure that accessories are securely attached to the garment. It is important to ensure that accessories are of good quality and match the garment. Accessories should be chosen with the overall look of the garment in mind. It is also important to consider the size and shape of the accessories in relation to the garment. Additionally, accessories should be chosen with the type of fabric in mind. Finally, accessories should be chosen that are in keeping with the season and occasion for which the garment is intended.
Labelling also helps to keep track of inventory. By including a batch number on the label, it is easier to identify which garments have been sold and which are still in stock. This makes it easier to manage the stock levels and keep production running smoothly. It is also important to use labels that are resistant to fading and damage, so that they remain legible even after multiple washings. When labelling garments, it is important to ensure that the labels are placed in an area that is easy to see and read. This will help customers quickly identify the garment, and reduce the chances of returns due to incorrect sizing or care instructions. Additionally, labels should be placed on the inside of the garment, away from direct contact with the skin, to ensure that they do not cause any irritation. Labelling is an important part of quality control in garment factories, as it helps to ensure that customers receive accurate information about the garment. By using labels that are durable and easy to read, it is easier to track inventory, reduce the chances of returns, and provide a better overall shopping experience.
Packing is another important component of quality control in garment factories. Each garment should be carefully packed and inspected for flaws. In addition, it is important to ensure that garments are packed according to customer requirements, such as size and color.
In addition to packing and inspecting garments for flaws, it is important to ensure that all garments are properly labeled and tagged. All labels and tags should be accurate and easy to read. Furthermore, it is essential to package the garments in protective materials, such as plastic bags or boxes, to ensure that they arrive at their destination in the same condition as when they left the factory. Additionally, all garments should be packed in the correct order and with a packing list to ensure that the customer has all the correct items. Finally, it is important to ensure that the packing area is hygienic and kept clean to avoid any contamination of the garments.
Inspection is also an important part of quality control of a garment factory because it allows manufacturers to check the quality and craftsmanship of the garments they produce. By inspecting each garment, factories can identify defective items and take corrective action before they reach the customer. Furthermore, inspectors can check the accuracy of labels, sizes, and measurements and make sure that the garment meets all customer and industry specifications. Additionally, inspectors can verify that the garment is properly packaged and ready for shipment.
Inspection also helps garment factories ensure that the garments they produce are safe for consumers to wear. Inspectors can verify that the fabric, dyes, and other materials used to create the garment are of high-quality and meet safety standards. Furthermore, they can check for faulty seams, buttons, and zippers, making sure that the garment will last and remain comfortable for the wearer. Finally, inspectors can also check that the garment has been properly laundered and pressed before it is shipped.
This article has provided a comprehensive review of the quality control process in garment factory. Quality control ensures that garments meet customer expectations and industry standards. Quality control in garment factories involves inspecting garments during production and at the end of the process. The different elements of quality control, such as fabric, trim, accessories, labelling, packing, and inspection, should be carefully monitored. In addition, it is important to train staff in quality control and to utilize technology and digital tools. Following these recommendations can help improve the quality control process in garment factories.
- RAHMAN, Mohammad Faizur, et al. “Quality Management in Garment Industry of Bangladesh.” Management of Sustainable Development 1.2 (2009).
- Hsu, Kevin. Using factory-level digital tools to improve quality and productivity in garment factories. Diss. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2019.
- Halim, Abul Fazal Mohammad Fahad, et al. “Comparative Study of the Inspection Parameters for AQL 2.5% and 1.5% in Garments Manufacturing Process.”
- Pinky, Afroza Sultana. Study On Quality Control in Knit Garments Production. Diss. Daffodil International University, 2012.
- Hassan Ameer, Mukhtar, and Azeem Sayyan. Reduction of faults in sewing on denim garment. Diss. University of Management and Technology Lahore, 2017.
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