10 Points System Fabric Inspection in Garment Industry
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Fabric Inspection System:
It is well known fact that the quality of a garment has a direct correlation with the quality of fabric. For production of high quality garments, need high quality piece goods. It is an universal truth. It is the responsibility of the fabric manufacturers as well as the garment manufacturers to provide the final quality product to the consumer. The word ‘inspection’ in the garment industries relate to the visual examination or review of raw materials (such as fabric, accessories, trims, etc.). Fabric grading is different from the fabric inspection, which is essential for eliminating rejection due to the poor quality of fabric. It is also a precaution to remove unexpected defects on finished goods. The quality of a finished garment is dependent on the quality of fabric when sourced from the supplier. Fabric manufacturing involves the use of many types of yarns and weave patterns. The complexity associated with the raw materials and the formation of textile structures can lead to various faults/defects. It is therefore essential to identify these diverse types of visual defects that affect overall quality of the fabric and in turn the garment. There are many formal systems for evaluating and grading the quality of the fabric such as:
- Graniteville “78” system.
- Dallas system.
- Four-point system.
- 10 points system fabric inspection.
In these systems, the operator calculates the numbers of major and minor defects as point values per square metre and then grades the fabric quality as ‘first’ or ‘second’ quality. Due to the specific nature of textiles, the defects encountered within textile production must be detected and corrected at early stages of the production process. Thus, visual defect detection is of utmost importance for the product’s overall quality and cost. In this article I will discuss ten-point inspection system.
10 Points System Fabric Inspection:
When a sewing factory receives fabric from the mill, it is difficult to conduct a full 100% inspection of the fabric. So then minimum 10% inspection of all piece goods prior to spreading the fabric. There are several methods of fabric inspection in garments industry which are point out above. Ten Points system is one of them.
The 10 point method is a point per fault system, which gives a measurable guide to quality grading per roll. In 1955s “Ten Points” piece goods evaluation was adapted by the Textile Distributors and National Federation of Textiles. The system assigns penalty points to each defect as per following guideline.
According to this system, the fabric roll is considered good if the total penalty points, assessed to that roll, do not exceed the length of the fabric. If the points exceed the length of fabric in a roll, then it is considered ‘seconds’ and may be rejected. Suppose if the fabric roll having a length of 50 yards is inspected in a ten-point system and the total penalty points are less than 50. Then the fabric roll was considered good
…..Size of defects →→→→→→→→→→→→→→Penalty
- Up to 1 inch →→→→→→→→→→→→→1 Point
- 1 to 5 inches →→→→→→→→→→→→→3 Points
- 5 to 10 inches →→→→→→→→→→→→5 Points
- 10 to 36 inches →→→→→→→→→→→10 Points
…..Size of defects →→→→→→→→→→→→→Penalty
- Up to 1 inch →→→→→→→→→→→→ 1 Point
- 1 to 5 inches →→→→→→→→→→→→3 Points
- 5 inches to half the width →→→→→→5 Points
- Half to Full width →→→→→→→→→→10 Points
A maximum 10 Points is charged for one linear yard of fabric.
1. Under the 10 Points system, a piece is graded as “First”, if the total penalty points do not exceed the total yardage of the piece.
2. In case of a fabric wider than 50 inches; “First” quality is considered if the total defect points do not exceed the total yardage of the fabric.
3. A piece is graded as “Second” if the total penalty points exceed the total yardage of the piece.
- Oldest and most used in woven finished fabric.
- In it length of fabric is used and along the length of warp and weft defects are identified.
- It has width limitation.
- It is difficult in practical use.
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Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.