Introductory of Quality Control Inspection in Garments Industries
Paddocks Jeans Ltd.
DEPZ, Savar, Dhaka.
The inspection is done to control the quality is means by examining the product without any instrument. To examine the fabric, button, sewing, thread, zipper, garments measurement and so on according to specification or desired standard is called inspection.
Mainly inspections are done in three steps garments industry. These steps are:
- Raw material inspection
- In process inspection, DUPRO (During Production Inspection)
- Final inspection, FRI (Final Random Inspection)
Types of defects in garment industry:
A) CRITICAL DEFECT: A defect that is likely to result in a hazardous or unsafe condition for the user or that is in contradiction to mandatory Regulations.
B) MAJOR DEFECT: A defect that is likely to result in failure, reducing usability of the product for its intended purpose and obviously appearance defects affecting the sell ability of the product.
C) MINOR DEFECT: A defect that does not reduce the usability of the product for its intended purpose, but it is nevertheless a workmanship defect beyond the defined quality standard.
D) UNACCEPTABLE REMARKS: A fault which does not neither render a product hazardous nor unusable nor hinders the sale nor affect the overall quality of the finished product and its intended use, it is not fully in accordance with the customer specific requirements or it is not defined in the clients requirements.
E) PENDING REMARKS: A fault which results from a non compliance with the applicable standard or major deviation which are common to the entire production or lot. Example: Documents, marking or components which are not complying with the safety standard or with the established requirements or sampling not among the required quantity of finished products.
TAP = Total Acceptable Product.
AQL = Acceptable Quality Limit/ Level.
AQL: Acceptable quality level is the Allowable percent of defectives in a Sample for an Inspection.
Five Parts of Acceptance Sampling System:
- Lot Size
- Sample Size
- Acceptable Quality Level
- Accept Number
- Reject Number
Three Plan of Acceptance Sampling System:
- Normal or Single Sampling Plan
- Double Sampling Plan
- Multi Sampling Plan
Why get a quality control inspection?
Catena offers its clients a straight forward way to limit commercial risks when importing or exporting your goods. Our inspections help you:
- Ensure the quantity produced (finished and packed) matches with the quantity ordered
- Ensure visual appearance (color, finish) matches with product ordered
- Ensure product specifications (measurements, material, functions) comply with the order
- Verify packaging, labeling, instructions and markings comply with mandatory standards
What kind of inspection is best for your product?
- Components and raw material: Initial Production Inspection (IPI)
- Materials in process: During Production Inspection (DPI/DUPRO)
- Finished products: Final Production Inspection (FRI)
- Supplies in storage: Cargo Container Loading Supervision (LS)
When to use a quality control inspection?
1. Initial or Pre Production Inspection (IPI or PPI):
The Initial Production Inspection checks the materials or components stored by the manufacturer to produce your order. We also inspect the initial production run.
2. During Production Inspection (DPI or DUPRO):
The During Production Inspection checks semi-finished or finished goods and takes place when a minimum 40% of your order has been produced.
3. Final Random Inspection (FRI) or Pre-Shipment Inspection (PSI):
The Final Random Inspection, or Pre-Shipment Inspection (PSI), checks finished products when at least 80% of your order has been export-packed.
4. Container Loading Supervision (LS):
Container Loading Supervision ensures that your order is completed and safely loaded in a container before shipment.
More articles by this author:
- Acceptable Quality Level (AQL) in Garment Industry
- How to Determine Seam Strength in Garment Industries
- How to Calculate the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) of Apparel Industries
- Industrial Engineering Formulas for Textile Students and Professionals
Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.