Production of Men’s Long Sleeve Shirt in Readymade Garment Industry

Last Updated on 13/01/2021

A Focus on the Production of Men’s Long Sleeve Shirt in Export Readymade Garment Industry

R.S. Balakumar
Associate Professor
Dept of Fashion Design & Arts
Hindustan University, Chennai, India


Present scenario of the mentioned production data has been taken from the export garment manufacturing Industry in Chennai.

Production capacity is normally varying factor to one factory to another this is because of the skill based on sewing machine operators, sewing room masters / supervisors, working atmosphere and availability of the sophisticated sewing machineries, quilts and attachments, workers motivation production incentives and allowing the necessary benefits to the operators. In this article I will focus production on men’s long sleeve shirt in garment industry.

Men’s Long Sleeve Shirt
Fig: Men’s long sleeve shirt

Multi skill training for sewing operators and necessary benefits given to skilled worker will make less absenteeism as well as production increment constantly.

Analyzing the sewing operator’s skill grid will be the identical reflection on gaining the higher productivity.

The standard time for each operation, daily production target and the number of sewing machine


Operation No.OperationStandard Allowed Minutes
1Hem pocket mouth0.15
2Crease pocket0.12
3Run stitch of collar fall with interlining0.70
4Turn and Press0.34
5Top stitch fall0.40
6Stay stitch fall0.20
7Trim off fall0.14
8Hem collar band with interlining0.38
9Attach fall to band0.49
10Turn and press0.30
11Top stitch band0.26
12Trim band0.15
13Mark collar notches0.18
14Button holing at band0.12
15Button sewing at band0.15
16Hem cuff with interlining0.32
17Run stitch cuff0.28
18Turn and press0.25
19Top stitch cuff0.55
20Buttonholing at cuff0.25
21Button sewing at cuff0.28
22Set sleeve placket0.46
23Finish sleeve placket0.72
24Sew label to yoke0.57
25Back yoke setting0.44
26Sew left front placket with interlining0.33
27Buttonholing on left front0.65
28Sew pocket on left front0.77
29Hem right front edge0.30
30Button sewing on right front0.55
31Join shoulder0.56
32Sleeve setting0.75
33Side seam and Underarm closing0.92
34Cuff setting0.71
35Hem bottom0.78
36Close collar0.70

Total time per garment = 15.22 Minutes

Juki sewing: Machines lock stitch made in Japan.

Our daily production target will be 500 garments per day

We require 17 sewing machinists for achieving the above production target per day. The number of sewing machinists can be calculated by the following formula:

Working Time / day x Number of sewing Machinists
………………………………………………………………………………….. = Daily production Quantity
…………………..Total time per garment


Y be the number of sewing machinists

..480 x Y
……………….. = 500 Garments

=> 480Y = 500 x 15.22
=> 480Y = 7610
=> Y = 15.85
=> Y = 16 Sewing Machinists

According to this calculation method, we should require 16 sewing machinists for producing 500 garments at 480 minutes per day.

However, sewing machinists cannot work 480 minutes per day without any break since they are the human being. For instance, they need to go to lavatory, to take a drink or have a chat with other colleagues. If they work 480 minutes without break, they will feel fatigued which will affect their working efficiency. The productivity will be lowered. Furthermore, when they are absent due to sickness, there is no more sewing machinist to work for their vacancy.

In addition, in case of complicated styles, we may spend much time to finish one garment. The standard time of one garment will be longer, so one or two more sewing machinists are required that can stabilize our daily production target. As a result, we need to require I more sewing machinist to make 500 garments per day.

Sufficient machineries and equipment are required for producing men’s long sleeve shirt.

Machinery TypeQuantity
Single Needle lockstitch machine with Thread Trimmer14 sets
Collar Turning and pressing Machine1 set
Button holing Machine1 set
Button Sewing Machine1 set
Cuff Turning and pressing Machine1 set
Chain stitch Machine1 set
5-thread over locking machine with Safety Stitch and Thread Trimmer2 sets
Pocket Creaser1 set
Total22 sets


  1. Hemmer
  2. Template
  3. Swing gauge of ¼ inch and 1/16 inch
  4. Folder
  5. Sleeve placket Binder
  6. Roller Feed

Sewing operators’ constant training on the job and off the job, class room lectures with video sessions related with sewing operational improvement place an important feature to increase the sewing operators’ skill level ability sewing operators’ skill grid.

1Full finished Garment / Sample maker’s positionA+
2Collar making, cuff making with simple operational knowledge gainedA
3Without ———— collar making, — making but — simple / Operational knowledge with 502. TFOA m/c operationB+
4Front zipper attaching, pocket making, pleat making, 50 LT machine operation knownB
5Front placket making Button / Button hole side Arm hole top edge stitch makingB
6Side body closing with 50 LT M/c.  Simple sewing operational knownC
7Machine control ability with simple sewing operation i.e. Buck with yoke attaching (using of necessary Folders) placket top edge stitch with ¼th guide / presser footT

Achieving productivity plays an important role in apparel industry in present days. Expectation of more orders can be made in a given time with higher quality and productivity is essential. So as to increase the productivity to reach the buyer will make the healthy situation and also build up good relationship with our buyers and more and more continuous orders can be expected from the buyers.


  1. Apparel Production Analysis-Jacob Solinger.
  2. Ready to Wear Apparel Analysis-Patty Brown & Jannet Rice.
  3. Observed Productivity In ERM-Industry In Chennai By. R.S.Balakumar.

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