Greige Fabric Defects:
A grey or greige fabric refers to an unfinished material that comes out from a loom or knitting machine and that has neither been fully bleached nor dyed. It is also called raw fabric. Greige fabric faults are the defects or faults that occur during weaving or knitting process. These defects vary from minor to major. The minor defects may be barely visible whereas the major are clearly noticeable.
Fabric is the main raw material for the garment making. If faulty fabric is being used in garment making, at end garment manufacturer get a faulty or defective garment, not a quality garment. Fabric inspection is considered one of the important processes in garment production. Often inspectors are given the responsibility of inspecting finished garments without adequate training in fabric defects and their causes.
Greige Fabric Inspection or Audit:
By checking the greige fabric and giving feed back to the weaving section, number of defects can be found. Ensuring accuracy and reliability in the inspection results is very important.
Greige Fabric Inspection Procedure:
(i) Select the fabric roll or the report randomly checked by inspectors in greige section.
(ii) Take out respective fabric report and fabric roll and check all selected rolls.
(iii) Cross check for greige width, length of roll, EPI, PPI.
(iv) Cross check it with inspection report.
(v) Look for any defects missed by the inspector and check for inspectors recording accuracy.
(vi) In case if significant difference is found, call the concerned inspector along with the supervisor/officer/manager of grey inspection and re-examine the fabric to show them what had been missed out.
(vii) Watch the inspector and analyze whether his skills are OK or need to be improved.
(viii) Tabulate the audit result inspector wise.
Grey or Greige Fabric Faults/Defects, Causes and Their Remedy:
Following faults are found in the greige fabric:
|Problem for hole||Broken needle head||Change the needle|
|Problem for missing yarn||Missing of one end of double yarn||Careful observation and instant machine stop when fault found|
|Problem for needle line||Bent needle latch||Replace the needle|
|Problem for thick thin yarn||Yarn fault||Replace the yarn cone to a more uniform yarn cone|
|Problem for slubs||Yarn fault||Replace the yarn cone to a more uniform yarn cone|
|Problem for drop needle||Needle failed to receive the yarn while knitting, needle missing||Reset the needle|
|Problem for Barrie mark / patta||Irregular tension of take down roller||Adjust the take down tension or synchronize the take down speed with knitting.|
|Problem for pin hole||Due to missing stitches or loops||Concentrate on needle and latch|
|Problem for oil line||Improper lubrication||Proper lubrication|
|Problem for fly contact||Fly coming from the adjacent machine||Separate one machine from other|
|Problem for oil stain||Dirty machine and improper handling of fabric||Proper lubrication and clean machine|
You may also like:
- Grey Fabric Inspection and Grading in Textile Industry
- Different Types of Fabric Faults and Their Causes and Remedies
- List of Fabric Defects in Circular Knitting Machine
- List of Fabric Faults Created During Dyeing and Their Remedies
- Phenolic Yellowing Test Method in Textile Industry
- Bowing and Skewing Defects of Fabric
- Pilling on Clothes | Causes and Reduction of Pilling from Clothes
- Chemistry behind Yellowing of Textiles: Causes and Preventive Measures
Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.