Different Types of Fabric Faults and Their Causes and Remedies

Last Updated on 27/01/2021

Different Types of Fabric Faults and Their Causes and Remedies

Bhavdip Paldiya
Dept. of Textile Technology
Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, India
Email: bhavdipk9009@gmail.com

 

Introduction:
Fabric defects/faults can have various reasons caused by raw material, the spinning process, weaving, knitting and dying. Fabric defects are responsible for major defects found by the garment industry. Due to the increasing demand for quality fabrics, high quality requirements are today greater since customer has become more aware of “Non-quality” problems. In this article I have discussed different types of fabric faults and their causes and remedies.

fabric faults

Fabric Faults and Their Causes

Sr. no.Defect NameAppearanceCausesResponsibility of weaver/Remedies
1CrackToo few picks per inch in a certain area.A. Bad start up procedure by weaver

B. Let of or take up worn or broken

C. Improper tension on warp

D. Weft feeler problem

A. More care required while pick finding,

B. Stop loom, call supervisor or mechanic

2FloatDistortion of in weft direction generally accompanies with warp breakA. Fluff or knot behind the reed.

B. Spare end weaving in

C. Knot with long tails.

D. Warp stop motion not working

Remove the cause
3Wrong DrawingIrregular pattern warp way in the cloth.Weaver incorrectly drawing in the healds.Correct the draw
4Leno ProblemLeno end not holding correctlyA. Wrong drawing in leno device

B. Buildup of dirt or fly.

C. Wrong tension on ends

D. Faulty leno device.

A. Correct the draw

B. Clean off

C. Adjust tension

D. Call mechanic

5Missing EndWarp line, thin gap in warp directionA. Fluff in drop wires.

B. Warp stop motion not working.

C. Missing drop wire.

D. Electrical fault.

E. Incorrect setting of warp stop motion.

A. Blow the air regularly.

B. Inform mechanic supervisor.

C. Replace it.

D. Informs super visor.

E. Inform supervisor.

6Design MistakeIncorrect designA. wrong design put in microprocessorStop loom and inform supervisor
7Wrong WeftIn correct weftIn correct count or colour of weftEnsure correct use of weft and always check weft as per loom card.
8Slough Offloose coils of weft in the fabric.Bad cones, or incorrect tension.Replace the cone or inform supervisor.
9Pull TerryPile end are pulled/cut across the fabric widthIn foreign bodies come in contact with needle, needle could be damaged or take up motion problem.Inform supervisor/mechanic
10Reverse TerryPile formation in plain portion of clothPile/ground beam tension problemInform supervisor/mechanic.
11Starting

Mark

Think or thin places at the start up the loom.Incorrect loom settingCall mechanic/ inform supervisor
12Defective SelvedgeNo fringes from cutters cloth may be cut.Wrong position selvage cuttersReplace the end until end is clean.
13Defective BorderWarp lineReed dent s bent or damagedFlag fixer
14Oil StainWarp line corresponding to the templeDamaged or broken temple rings.Flag fixer
15Shade VariationSelvage ends weaving incorrectlyWeaver incorrectly drawing in selvage andsStop loom and correct
16Dobby Held ProblemHeavy line warp wayTwo ends in the same heddleRemove extra end
17Reed MarkVisible line warp way in the clothA. Weaver error

B. Portion of yarn with incorrect twist.

C. Fault in warping or drawing in.

A. Weaver fault

B. Remove and mark the end.

C. Flag fixer

18Uneven Pile HeightVisible line filling way in the clothA. Broken filling not completely removed

B. Pick finding incorrect

C. Faulty filling detector.

A. Weaver fault

B. Weaver fault

C. Flag fixer

19Emery MarkThick line across clothA. Incorrect pike finding

B. Reserve cone caught and running

A. Weaver fault

B. Weaver fault; correct

20Damage MarkFilling barA. Wrong cone creeled

B. Mixed yarn in spinning or winding

A. Weaver fault

B. Stop loom, flag supervisor

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