Different Types of Fabric Faults and Their Causes and Remedies

Last Updated on 27/01/2021

Different Types of Fabric Faults and Their Causes and Remedies

Bhavdip Paldiya
Dept. of Textile Technology
Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Surat, India
Email: bhavdipk9009@gmail.com

 

Introduction:
Fabric defects/faults can have various reasons caused by raw material, the spinning process, weaving, knitting and dying. Fabric defects are responsible for major defects found by the garment industry. Due to the increasing demand for quality fabrics, high quality requirements are today greater since customer has become more aware of “Non-quality” problems. In this article I have discussed different types of fabric faults and their causes and remedies.

fabric faults

Fabric Faults and Their Causes

Sr. no. Defect Name Appearance Causes Responsibility of weaver/Remedies
1 Crack Too few picks per inch in a certain area. A. Bad start up procedure by weaver

B. Let of or take up worn or broken

C. Improper tension on warp

D. Weft feeler problem

A. More care required while pick finding,

B. Stop loom, call supervisor or mechanic

2 Float Distortion of in weft direction generally accompanies with warp break A. Fluff or knot behind the reed.

B. Spare end weaving in

C. Knot with long tails.

D. Warp stop motion not working

Remove the cause
3 Wrong Drawing Irregular pattern warp way in the cloth. Weaver incorrectly drawing in the healds. Correct the draw
4 Leno Problem Leno end not holding correctly A. Wrong drawing in leno device

B. Buildup of dirt or fly.

C. Wrong tension on ends

D. Faulty leno device.

A. Correct the draw

B. Clean off

C. Adjust tension

D. Call mechanic

5 Missing End Warp line, thin gap in warp direction A. Fluff in drop wires.

B. Warp stop motion not working.

C. Missing drop wire.

D. Electrical fault.

E. Incorrect setting of warp stop motion.

A. Blow the air regularly.

B. Inform mechanic supervisor.

C. Replace it.

D. Informs super visor.

E. Inform supervisor.

6 Design Mistake Incorrect design A. wrong design put in microprocessor Stop loom and inform supervisor
7 Wrong Weft In correct weft In correct count or colour of weft Ensure correct use of weft and always check weft as per loom card.
8 Slough Off loose coils of weft in the fabric. Bad cones, or incorrect tension. Replace the cone or inform supervisor.
9 Pull Terry Pile end are pulled/cut across the fabric width In foreign bodies come in contact with needle, needle could be damaged or take up motion problem. Inform supervisor/mechanic
10 Reverse Terry Pile formation in plain portion of cloth Pile/ground beam tension problem Inform supervisor/mechanic.
11 Starting

Mark

Think or thin places at the start up the loom. Incorrect loom setting Call mechanic/ inform supervisor
12 Defective Selvedge No fringes from cutters cloth may be cut. Wrong position selvage cutters Replace the end until end is clean.
13 Defective Border Warp line Reed dent s bent or damaged Flag fixer
14 Oil Stain Warp line corresponding to the temple Damaged or broken temple rings. Flag fixer
15 Shade Variation Selvage ends weaving incorrectly Weaver incorrectly drawing in selvage ands Stop loom and correct
16 Dobby Held Problem Heavy line warp way Two ends in the same heddle Remove extra end
17 Reed Mark Visible line warp way in the cloth A. Weaver error

B. Portion of yarn with incorrect twist.

C. Fault in warping or drawing in.

A. Weaver fault

B. Remove and mark the end.

C. Flag fixer

18 Uneven Pile Height Visible line filling way in the cloth A. Broken filling not completely removed

B. Pick finding incorrect

C. Faulty filling detector.

A. Weaver fault

B. Weaver fault

C. Flag fixer

19 Emery Mark Thick line across cloth A. Incorrect pike finding

B. Reserve cone caught and running

A. Weaver fault

B. Weaver fault; correct

20 Damage Mark Filling bar A. Wrong cone creeled

B. Mixed yarn in spinning or winding

A. Weaver fault

B. Stop loom, flag supervisor

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