Garment finishing is very important because buyers satisfaction depends on it. Garments finishing means, mainly applies of pressing, folding and packing of garments. Sewn products are sent to the finishing department. Finishing department takes care of the following functions:
- Stain removing
After stitching, there will be some hanging sewing threads on the finished product. Trimming is the operation of removing these extra hanging threads. Sometimes, finished products get stained during the production process. Finishing department is responsible to remove those stains by using different wetting agents. Some of the sewn products may also have some open seams or other stitching faults. The finishing department repairs such products before packing. The last objective of finishing department is pressing. The sewn products are pressed to remove the wrinkles and to enhance the look of the garment.
I have also published some articles on garment finishing process. You can read these articles which are listed below of this post. In this article I will explain steps of garments finishing process with pictures.
Steps of Finishing Process in Garment Industry
Pressing is a finishing process done by a cloth to heat and pressure with or without steam to remove creases and to impart a flat appearance to the cloth or garments. In garment industries pressing is also called ironing. After completing pressing the garments have to be folded.
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After completing pressing, the garments are folded with a predetermine area. Garments are folded according to the buyers direction, requirements in a standard area.
Folding classification depends on the fabric types. There are mainly four types of folding. They are –
Stand up: Collar is folded and situated at 90* angle.
Semi stand up: Collar is folded with body and situated at 45 degree angle.
Collar is separated as a hole on the body of shirt.
Shirt is packed and transported by hanging on the hanger.
At the end of the folding, garments are placed into a polythene packet.
After folding, garments are packing the size of polythene packet is permanent. Specially, it is needed to ensure the placement of sticker in proper place.
Barcode is a specially Buyer wise sticker.
After completing the packing of garments, it must be placed the garments in a predetermined pack by sorting according to the size and color then garments are packed into inner box according to the size and color. This process working in order is called assortment.
Checking the metal type component into the garments or with its accessories like button, zipper etc. is called metal check.
At last cartooning or packing the garments according to Buyer comment. The process of packing of inner boxes entered into the carton is called cartooning. The carton is properly warped by the scotch tape. Some information like carton box no, size, shipping mark and the destination are printed on the carton.
Final inspection is made by buyer. He checks the garments according some rules like AQL.
You may also like: Final Inspection in Garment Industry
Spot removing is one of the special inspections which are done after initial quality check.
- Finishing Textiles from www.wikipedia.com
- Apparel Manufacturing Technology by T. Karthik, P. Ganesan and D. Gopalakrishnan
- Garments Manufacturing Technology by Md. Saiful Azom
- Lecture Sheet by Jahanara Akhter, Lecturer of KCC Womens College, Khulna
You may also like:
- Pressing: Important Finishing Process in Garment Industry
- Alternative Methods of Fabric Joining
- Essential Equipments for Garment Pressing
- Working Principle of Continuous Fusing Press Machine
- Flat Bed Fusing Press: Features, Working Process, Advantages and Disadvantages
- Quality Control in Fusing | Factors Affecting the Quality in Fabric Fusing
- Methods of Resin Coating for Fusible Interlining
Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.