Different Types of Textile Testing Methods

Last Updated on 19/01/2021

Different Types of Textile Testing Methods

Rohan BS Patil
Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai, India.
Email: rohanbspatil@gmail.com


Before going to large-scale usage the quality of a product or process is checked. The quality of the product, its performance, and its reliability are the key factors while testing is performed. Testing can be defined as the methods or protocols adopted to verify / determine the properties of a product. It can be divided primarily into two types: regular process testing and quality assurance testing. Routine testing helps to streamline the daily process. Quality assurance testing helps the process or product in the long run to establish credibility. Testing can also be defined as the procedures adopted to determine a product’s suitability and quality.

textile testing methods
Fig: Different textile testing methods

Textile testing is the methods of determining the properties of different kinds of textile substances. It is very important for checking the quality and suitability of raw material and selection of material, monitoring of production i.e. process control. It helps the scientist to decide which route should be followed. Textile testing is a vital basic tool during the processing of a textile raw material into the product. It also helps the distributors and consumer to determine the end product’s quality. So, textile testing refers to the procedures adopted to determine quality throughout the textile product chain. It can be summarized as the application of engineering facts and science to determine the quality and properties of a textile product. There are different types of testing process are done in textile and apparel industry. In this article various types of textile testing methods are given here.

Different Types of Textile Testing Methods:
List of textile testing methods are point out below:

Quality Control Testing

A. Mechanical

  1. Tensile Strength and Elongation
  2. Breaking Strength
  3. Bursting Strength of Paper
  4. Tear Strength
  5. Elmendorff Tear Strength
  6. Air permeability of Paper
  7. Pilling Test
  8. Dry and Wet Rubbing (Crock Meter)
  9. Ether Soluble Matter
  10. Water Absorbency
  11. Lead and its compounds
  12. Scouring loss
  13. Flammability

B. Physical

  1. GSM
  2. Fiber Diameter
  3. Ends per inch
  4. Linear Density

C. Chemical

  1. PCP
  2. Blend composition
  3. Identification of Fiber
  4. Identification of Dyes
  5. Solvent Extractable matter
  6. Chloride Content
  7. Sulphate Content
  8. pH value of water extract
  9. Moisture Content
  10. Shrinkage to Water
  11. Colour Fastness Tests

Textile and Apparel Product for Testing

  1. HDPE bags/Jute Bags
  2. Crepe Paper
  3. Filter Paper
  4. Writing/Printing paper
  5. Coated paper
  6. Corrugated Box
  7. Carpet
  8. Filament Yarn
  9. Fabric
  10. Congo red Dye
  11. Vinyl Coated Fabric
  12. Socks
  13. Jersey
  14. Various Leather Products

List of Instruments

  1. Universal Testing Machine
  2. Xenon Arc Weatherometer
  3. UV weatherometer
  4. Flammability Chambers
  5. Crock meter
  6. Burst Strength Test Apparatus
  7. Air permeability apparatus
  8. Elemendorff Tear Tester
  9. Pilling Tester
  10. Crease Recovery Tester

Standard Methods Adopted

  1. American Society of Testing &Materials (ASTM)
  2. American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC)
  3. International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  4. European Norms (EN)
  5. British Standards (BS)
  6. British Standards for European Nations (BSEN)
  7. DeutschesInstitut fur Normung (DIN)
  8. Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS)
  9. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

You may also like:

  1. List of Basic Tests of Textile Fabric
  2. Classification of Textile Testing: Fiber Testing, Yarn Testing, Fabric Testing
  3. List of Different Types of Garment Testing Used in RMG Industry
  4. Different Types of Testing and Approval Required for Fabric to Garment Manufacturing Process
  5. List of Physical Testing Machines in Dyeing Lab
  6. List of Chemical Testing Equipments for Dyeing Lab
  7. Different Types of Testing Equipments Used in Textile Lab
  8. Spinning Testing Lab Equipments, Their Specifications and Functions
  9. An Accurate Professional Martindale Abrasion and Pilling Tester: A Chance to Success
  10. List of Testing Machineries and Equipments Used in Spinning Lab
  11. Buyer Inspection System in Apparel Industry
  12. Popular Garment Wash Ideas in Apparel Business
  13. Concept of ISO 9000, Six Sigma and Lean Production for Apparel Industry

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