What is Technical Fabric?
There are different types of fabrics for different purposes. Technical fabric is one kind of fabric that is produced for a specific function. This fabric is a bit different from the normal fabrics. Technical fabrics are specially engineered fabrics to satisfy specific needs that will not be met with regular textiles or fabrics. A technical fabric is made from blends of polyester but not the polyesters. Specific examples of technical fabrics include Gore-Tex, Kevlar, and even specialized versions of polyester and nylon, among others.
The most common use for technical fabrics is in sportswear, but they have other industrial uses. Technical fabrics are used for different purposes, such as in protective clothing or medical clothing. Aside from this, it can also be used in Agro textiles and geo textiles sectors. The reason for that is it provides similar functionalities for intending purpose e.g., bullet-proof vests which protect against bullets for soldiers, police officers, heat resistance suit which protect firefighters from extreme heat and don’t burn. It is also used in sports wear accessories e.g., joggers, sneakers as it is lightweight and it doesn’t absorb sweat. Technical fabrics are also widely used in roofs, tents and curtain because of its UV-protection.
Fabrics are all around the globe they are used for clothing, wore as human body protection, for decoration in our home, offices as curtains, carpets etc. in our ships, cars for luxury at other purposes. But our world is developing rapidly and so as fabrics that needed to be changed according to the requirement. Manufactures today use different methods to develop technical fabrics. These kinds of fabrics are in special because of its chemical and mechanical properties. Many companies today only relay on technical fabrics as it is widely used in commercial products for its flame retardant, UV-Protection, Anti-static behavior and Stain or water repellent properties.
Function of Technical Fabric
1. Thermal Insulation
Textile fabrics have found a range of uses in thermal insulation, different companies and have implemented different methods to improve the thermal insulation of fabrics and one of them is known a nonwoven fabric a type of technical fabric with a thin layer of fibrous structure that helps to reduce overall weight and absorbs less pressure from surrounding which helps it to be the best thermal insulation for your needs, it can be used for clothing for body protection, tents, sound proofing, etc. (Insulation temperatures ranging from -196°C up to 1600°C).
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2. Smoke and Fire Protection
Another most used properties of technical fabrics are for protective clothing or accessories, which not only helps to cover your body like an ordinary fabric but it can help to protect you from elements, dangerous hazardous materials, processes or events during work or during leisure activities. This is the reason firefighter’s protection gears are made up of technical fabrics as they are fire redundant prevents a body from burning and smoke, gloves which are used in our kitchen are also made up to technical fabrics so this the reason when you touch a hot pizza pan with gloves on your hand don’t burn.
3. Acoustic Solution
If you are looking to make your classroom, theaters, rooms or offices sound proof or you want less noise to be heard, so you can focus on your studies, watch movies and focus on your work it’s important to choose the right fabric that should cover your surroundings or walls. Ordinary fabrics have some sound absorbing properties but it’s not as good as technical fabrics which not only reduce outdoor noise but also make your surrounding acoustic because of its porous structure, which is lightweight and budget friendly in your pocket as well.
Industrial Applications of Technical Fabric
- Stain or water repellent: Table cloth, curtains, furniture, car, bus, train. Airplane seats.
- Flame retardant: All textile interiors of buildings and transport systems
- Anti-static behavior: Upholstery and seat covers
- Anti-bacterial behavior: Bedding, medical textiles
- UV- protection: Roofs, tents, awnings, blinds, curtains
- Insect repellent: Tents, nets, odor absorption, bedding, furniture, car, bus, train, airplane seats
Technical fabrics are the invention of the modern era. More and more companies are now producing different methods to produce technical fabrics to use it for commercial and non-commercial use. Fabric like these have various properties which can not only protect you from fire, hazardous material, keep your surrounding warm, bacteria free and sound proof as well. Technical fabrics are budget friendly and optimal solution for your needs.
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Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.