Chemical Management System in Textile Industry

Introduction:
Dyeing has emerged to make fabrics and yarns beautiful and attractive colors. And chemicals are used to dye beautifully. Textile chemistry is a very specialized field which is used for clothing, furniture, tire yarn, airbags and many more. All this is done through proper management of chemistry. Textile products are made attractive through proper management of chemical management. As a result, the market demand for the product increases and new market areas are created along with it.

chemical management in textile

What is the Chemical Management System in Textile Industry?
The chemical management system of the textile industry is the process by which all matters relating to chemicals from purchase to removal of chemicals are taken up for safe application and management of chemicals in textiles and to prevent accidents. All related preparations are taken from the Chemical Management Department before the chemical vehicles enter the textile factory.

Naturally, the use of different types of dyes and chemicals is essential for textile industry. Chemical management systems have been working to ensure safe storage, use and transportation of dyes and chemicals, and to ensure a beautiful environment, health and safety in compliance with the law.

Process of Chemical Management System:
Chemical management is an important consideration for every textile factory as it involves the quality of the product and the safety of the workers employed. Below is a discussion about its work:

Chemical collection:
Before choosing a chemical or dice, it is important to consider how much the chemical or dice will affect the environment, as well as the health, safety and environmental protection of workers using the chemical or dice. The main goal of the chemical management system is to keep the production of chemicals that are sufficiently effective and have less negative impact on the environment.

Chemical storage:
Chemicals are a direct raw material for textile factories. So lots of dyes or chemicals are needed every day. Keeps balance between supply and demand through chemical stocks. And this work is done smoothly by the chemical management system. Purchased dyes / chemicals are collected in own textile factory. All the management of the textile company is done through the chemical management system. In addition, a number of other activities are carried out in the chemical storage process, namely:

  1. Chemical unloading
  2. Chemical configuration and arrangement
  3. Chemical Distribution
  4. Emergency Preparedness
  5. MSDS Management
  6. Personal protective equipment
  7. Container management

Proper application of dyes / chemicals:
Dyeing floor workers or dyeing / finishing machine operators use a variety of chemicals as they come into close contact with chemicals. According to the dyeing / finishing requisition, they collect dyes / chemicals from the chemical distribution center and apply them on the machine. It is mandatory to use personal protective materials whenever they are working on chemicals, such as collecting dyes / chemicals, transporting them, applying them to the machine, etc. Labels or tags according to dice / chemicals, this should be done so that there is no chance of misapplication due to lack of label / name of the dice / chemical. All of these are controlled by chemical management systems.

Chemical waste management:
Clothing production in the textile industry is a long and complex process where there is a lot of water along with different types of dice-chemicals. There is no alternative to water for processing and it is very important. As a result, there is plenty of malicious water with a lot of dice / chemical use that there is no way to ignore. The Chemical Management system adopted the special process to clarify contaminated water.

Technology evaluation:
Time, money and resources can be utilized and saved through the evaluation and use of new technologies. These can be run at low liqueur ratios to test the efficiency of running machines. The liqueur ratio is very important for the textile industry. If the liqueur ratio can be reduced, it is possible to increase the efficiency by reducing the use of dyes and chemicals. Dice / Chemical, Dice auxiliaries that reduce the liqueur ratio – any emergencies or introductions that occur are verified by the Chemical Management System to be implemented in consultation with the owner.

Purposes of Chemical Management System:

  1. Evaluation and use of safe and alternative chemicals should be given priority.
  2. All chemical related information such as MSDS, TDS, Labels, Hazard Symbols and Certificates (RSL Declaration Letter, APO-Free Certificate etc.) must be collected from the manufacturer or supplier.
  3. Employees need to increase their awareness and express their attitudes through training on various topics (example: MSDS, personal protective equipment, safe use of chemicals, etc.).
  4. Appropriate arrangements should be made for chemical waste.
  5. Reduced-use, reuse and recycling opportunities should be used.
  6. All legal rules and regulations must be followed.

Conclusion:
Chemical management systems have been playing an important role in the overall development of textile technology. This management works on the basis of style and order according to the needs of the buyer. If the chemical management process is managed by a skilled and experienced management board, it is easy for a textile company to see the face of success. Thanks to their tireless work, a safe and environmentally friendly chemical management environment is created.

References:

  1. Chemical Management in Textiles and Fashion Edited by Subramanian Muthu
  2. https://textilevaluechain.in/news-insights/implementation-of-chemical-management-system-cms-in-textile-processing/
  3. https://www.textiletoday.com.bd/topics/chemical-management-system/
  4. https://www.cattermoleconsulting.com/chemical-management-trends-in-the-textile-industry/
  5. https://www.intertek.com/chemical-management-textile-industry-register/

Author of This Article:
Nazifa Tabassum
Dept. of Clothing and Textile
Govt. College of Applied Human Science, Dhaka
Email: nazifa.099@gmail.com

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