Basic Elements of Woven Fabric Design

Last Updated on 27/01/2021

Basic Elements of Woven Fabric Design

Mofizur Rahaman Akash
B.Sc in Textile Engineering
World University of Bangladesh


Woven Fabric:
Fabrics composed of two sets of yarns. One set of yarns, the warp, runs along the length of the fabric. The other set of yarns, the fill or weft, is perpendicular to the warp. Woven fabrics are held together by weaving the warp and the fill yarns over and under each other. To make woven fabric woven design are done.

Basic Elements of Woven Fabric Design:
Basic elements of woven fabric design are:

  1. Weave Plan
  2. Drafting Plan
  3. Lifting Plan
  4. Denting Plan

1. Weave Plan:
Weave plan illustrates the interlacing of ends & picks in the fabric under consideration. It shows the up & down of each yarn in a fabric sample. Weave plan is drawn on a graph paper.

Weave Plan basic element of woven fabric design
Fig: Weave Plan

This is a representation of design of a plain weave:

  • The vertical line (column) represents warp yarn.
  • The horizontal line (row) represents weft yarn.
  • ←↓Represents repeat unit.
  • ‘X’ represents warp over weft.
  • Empty box represents weft over warp.
  • # Represents starting point.

2. Drafting Plan:
Drafting plan indicates the number of heald shafts required to make a design and also indicates the threading of warp through heald eyes of heald shafts it is drawn top of the weave plan.

Drafting plan
Fig: Drafting plan

3. Lifting Plan:
Lifting plan indicates the selection of heald shafts to be lifted or lowered on each successive insertion of weft or pick. Lifting plan is drawn at the right side of the weave plan.

Lifting plan
Fig: Lifting plan

4. Denting Plan:
The process of inserting warp yarn through red is called denting and the plan that indicate the order in which denting is done is called denting plan. This is done for keeping uniform spacing between yarns of warp sheets. Usually two yarns are passed through each dent.

You may also like:

  1. Twill Weave: Features, Classification, Derivatives and Uses
  2. Sateen Weave: Features, Classification, Uses, Advantages and Disadvantages
  3. Difference between Plain Knit Fabric and Rib Fabric
  4. Specification of Various Knitted Fabric Structure
  5. Systems and Classification of Drafting in Weaving

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