Analysis of Sateen Woven Fabric Structure

Last Updated on 16/08/2022

Introduction:
Sateen weave is characterized by longer floats of one yarn over several others. The satin weave is warp faced while sateen is a weft faced weave. A move number is used to determine the layout in a weave repeat of satin, and number of interlacements is kept to a minimum. The fabrics produced in sateen weave are more lustrous as compared to corresponding weaves.

Sateenn weave is the third basic weave and requires at least five shafts to weave. In this structure, the weft yarns are predominant on the face of the cloth, and the warp yarns that bind the weft floats should be scattered as widely as possible.

Object:

  1. To know about the sateen woven fabric structure.
  2. To know about the raw material of fabric.
  3. To produce exactly the similar fabric.

Sample:

Sateen Woven Fabric Structure

Apparatus:

  1. Counting glass,
  2. Needle,
  3. Beesleys balance,
  4. Twist tester,
  5. GSM cutter,
  6. Graph paper.

Analysis of Sateen Woven Fabric Structure:

1. Weave plan: In graph the gaps between the lines are considered according to X axis as weft threads and according to Y axis as warp threads. The up threads are indicated by filling up the gaps and down threads without filling up the gaps.

2. Drafting plan: According to British system drafting plan is drawn at the top of weave plan. Here broken draft is used to draft the plan.

3. Lifting plan: The lifting plan is drawn at the right side of the weave plan.

4. Face side and backside: The face side and back side are not same.

5. Direction of warp and weft: Direction of both warp and weft are indicated by arrow marks by the side of the sample.

6. Raw material: Both warp and weft yarns are filament.

7. Thread density:

No. of reading EPI Average PPI Average
1 44 45 42 41
2 45 39
3 46 40
4 43 43
5 47 41

8. Yarn count:

No. of reading Warp count Average Weft count Average
1 20  

 

21

19  

 

21

2 22 23
3 23 20
4 21 22
5 19 21

9. Yarn twist:

No. of reading Warp twist Average Weft twist Average
1 X  

 

X

X  

 

X

2 X X
3 X X
4 X X
5 X X

10. Direction of twist: As the yarns are filament so they have no twist.

11. Design of fabric: As it is a derivative of twill so it has no formula number.

12. GSM calculation: By GSM cutter we get the GSM of fabric is 130 gm/meter2.

13. Repeat size: The repeat size of this fabric is 24X24.

14. Type of loom: Dobby loom is used to produce this fabric.

End uses:
This type of fabric is very much used for making towel, bed sheet, pillow, table cloth etc.

Conclusion:
Analysis of fabric structure is very essential to know about the fabric. Because it gives all kinds of information about the fabric that is needed to reproduce or to change structure or design of fabric. By this practical I learn how to analyze primarily a simple plain structure of woven fabric. Further I will learn more complex fabric analysis. But this basic sateen woven fabric structure analysis will be very much helpful not only to analyze those but also in my future career.

You may also like:

  1. Woven Fabric Structure and Analysis
  2. Sateen Weave: Features, Classification, Uses, Advantages and Disadvantages
  3. Twill Weave: Features, Classification, Derivatives and Uses
  4. Basic Elements of Woven Fabric Design

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