Study Areas for a Textile Engineer

Introduction:
Nowadays, textile engineering study that determines the development dynamics of the clothes sector that has taken on a different character with the development of a great deal of new technologies. Study areas of textile engineer conducts education and research on processing raw textile materials by different techniques and developing new techniques for the same purpose. To be a textile engineer, he has to command over all topics which are given below.

Study Areas of a Textile Engineer
Fig: Study Areas for a Textile Engineer

Study or Learning Areas for a Textile Engineer

Section A: Textile Science

1. History and Development of Textiles

2. Fibers:

  • General definitions of textile terms
  • Fiber
  • Yarn
  • Textile
  • Polymerization
  • Polymer orientation
  • Detailed study of each fiber:
    • History
    • Classification of fiber
    • Characteristics
    • Properties (physical, chemical, thermal and biological)
    • Identification tests
  • Fiber to yarn production:
    • Natural fibers
      • Plant fibers – cotton, linen, sisal, jute, coir, palm leaves
      • Animal fibers – wool, silk, goat hair
      • Mineral fibers – glass, asbestos
    • Regenerated/man-made cellulosic fibres (viscose rayon, cuprammonium rayon, acetate rayon, triacetates)
    • Synthetic fibers (nylon, polyester, acrylic, modacrylic), and other fibers (elastomers, metal fibres, minerals -glass).

3. Yarns

  • Yarn production
  • Yarn types:
    • Mono-filament yarns
    • Multi-filament yarns
  • Classification of yarn:
    • Staple and filament yarns
    • Simple and complex yarns
  • Characteristics/properties of yarns:

4. Blends and mixtures:

  • Definitions
  • Similarities and differences
  • Uses
  • Characteristics
  • Advantages of blending and mixing different fibres and yarns

5. Fabric construction:

  • Methods of construction:
    • Weaving; definition, classification, characteristics of different weaves, methods of weave construction, basic weaving principles and suitability of weaves for various purposes
    • Other methods of construction: knitting, nonwoven, crocheting, bonding, felting, braiding and lacing

6. Fabric finishes:

  • Definitions, classification, description of basic and fundamental finishes; advantages of finishes on specific fabrics
  • Basic finishes:
    • General brushing
    • Pressing
    • Scouring
    • Inspection
    • Shearing
    • Singeing
    • Sizing
    • Tentering
  • Functional/special finishes:
    • Calendaring
    • Embossing
    • Glazing
    • Mercerisation
    • Sanforisation
    • Trubenisation
    • Absorbency properties
    • Fire and flame proof
    • Heat resistant
    • Anti-static
    • Moth-proofing
    • Bacteria finish
    • Water repellent/water proof
    • Soil resistant
    • Permanent press

7. Colour applications:

  • Local decoration of fabrics
  • Dyes
  • Classification of dyes
  • Natural and artificial dyes
  • Principles of dyeing and stages of dyeing
  • Methods of colour application
  • Dyeing (tie and dye, batik)
  • Printing (block printing, screen printing, roller printing)

8. Care of fabrics:

  • Laundry agents
  • Stain removal
  • Laundry
  • Dry cleaning
  • Care labels
  • Care of garments made from specific fabrics, for example, cotton, wool, linen, silk and synthetics

Section B: Clothing Technology

9. Introduction to Clothing Technology

  • Definitions of clothing terms
  • Fashion
  • Style
  • Fibres
  • Yarns
  • Polymerisation
  • Polymer orientation
  • Weaving
  • Tailoring
  • Cellulosic
  • Elasticity
  • Spinning
  • Tapestry
  • Costume
  • Tensile strength
  • Texturising
  • Thread count
  • Twist
  • Historical background of clothing
  • Development of clothing
  • General objectives of wearing clothes
  • Fashion
  • Definition of fashion terms
  • Fashion cycle
  • Culture and clothing
  • Factors that influence fashion
  • Body figures

10. Principles and elements of design

11. Selection of fabrics suitable for different purposes:

  • Consumer advice and information – wise buying
  • Factors affecting choice of clothing for different factions
  • Dress sense
  • Suitability of colours, fabrics and styles for the wearer consisting of various figure types, garments and occasions

12. The aesthetic value of design in construction – enhancing garments and other household articles

13. Equipment used in garment construction:

  • Classification of equipment according to functions
  • Tracing equipment
  • Cutting equipment
  • Sewing equipment
  • Enhancement equipment
  • Choice, use and care of equipment
  • Sewing machines
  • Types of sewing machines
  • Functions of various parts and attachments
  • Care (special and general cleaning)
  • Faults and remedies

14. Basic sewing processes:

  • Stitches
  • Seams
  • Fastenings
  • Openings
  • Edge finishes
  • Control of Fullness
  • Collars
  • Sleeves
  • Pockets

15. Dress patterns:

  • Commercial paper patterns
  • Drafting of basic blocks, their adaptations and alterations
  • Measurements and taking measurements
  • Selection of fabric and pattern
  • Making up and finishing of garments for children and adults
  • Household articles
  • Undergarments
  • Outer wear
  • Accessories

You may also like:

  1. Syllabus for Textile Engineering and Fiber Science (TF)
  2. GATE Preparation for Textile Technology – Answer Key and Useful Tips
  3. 100 Fill in the Blanks for Textile Engineering Students and Professionals
  4. Flow Chart of Textile Engineering
  5. Industrial Engineering Formulas for Textile Students and Professionals

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