Uses of Fabrics for Interior Home Textile

Last Updated on 14/04/2021

Fabrics for Interior Home Textile

Saddamhusen Jamadar
Department of Manmade Textile Technology
D.K.T. E’S Textile & Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, India
Email: saddamjamadar75@gmail.com

 

I. ABSTRACT
Home textile is branch of technical textile and it is nothing but the interior environment. It is related with interior spaces and their furnishing. It is more important that the function or comfort furnishings or their maintenance is there total effect of our psyche.

The furnishing provides us the mood. It will give mental relaxation to the people. Fabrics for interior home textile contents the wall and floor coverings as well as window and furniture fabric, which must provide character and scale, missing in interior architecture.

In furnishing exposed for sale, whether in piece goods or as window draping or other hangings, three factors attract the eye simultaneously.

  • Color
  • Design
  • Texture

All these are described in detail in the present paper. Also, the paper consist various application of fabrics used in interior home textile and their value addition properties obtained by various chemical processing.

II. INTRODUCTION
“A home is one of the most memorable investments that a man makes in his lifetime. Therefore, make sure that it will always remain beautiful, new & full of memories.”

In simple terms home textiles is a branch of textile technology. Comprising application textile in household purposes. Home textiles are nothing but an interior environment, which deals with interior spaces and their furnishings. More important than function or comfort of furnishing or their maintenance is their total effect of our psyche.

Are we comfortable in a space?

Environment is important.

Furnishing that is the furniture and fabrics. Furniture will not be the prime contributor in differentiating spaces. It is fabric, which must provide the texture, colour, character, feel, and comfort missing in interior architecture. Fabric can do this better and less expensively than any other medium. Simultaneously, fabric can render unarticulated spaces personal and if desire cozy.

Need of textiles at home?

  • Fabric affords sun and light control.
  • Fabric prevents interior color from fading.
  • Fabric prevents deterioration through sunlight.
  • Protects eyes from glare.
  • Protection from night blackness at evening and too-early sun in the morning.
  • It can make summer room cooler and reduce air-conditioning load.
  • Increase livability and workability of small space.
  • It also reduces noise; make music even speech richer and more resonant.

III. APPLICATION OF FABRICS IN INTERIOR HOME TEXTILE:

  • Textiles for seating
  • Upholstery fabrics for contract use
  • Window textile
  • Sun filters
  • Semi sheer
  • Reflective textile
  • Curtain fabrics and drapes
  • Blinds
  • Bed textiles
  • Sheet and pillowcases
  • Quilted textiles
  • Blankets
  • Bed spreads
  • Mattress covers (Ticking)
  • Fabrics for wall coverings
  • Bathroom textiles
  • Shower curtains
  • Terry towels
  • Table textile
  • Tablecloth
  • Tablemats
  • Textile art (wall hangings)

IV. CATEGORIZATION OF HOME TEXTILES:
Since Home Textiles are made with different fiber composition, textures, color, finishes and designs suitable for different countries / needs / tastes. The following categorization is made.

  1. Bed Linen: Bed Covers, Bed Throws, Cushion Covers, Pillow, Pillow Covers, Quilting Cloth, Quilt Blanket (100% Cotton), Fire Retardant Blankets.
  2. Table Linen: Table Covers, Table Mats, Napkin, Runners.
  3. Kitchen Linen: Apron, Gloves, Pot Holder, Lunch Box Covers,
  4. Others: Floor Mats, Bath Mats, Bath Role, Sofa Covers, Curtain and Screens.

V. SELECTION OF FIBER FOR HOME TEXTILES:
End use, cost factor, durability, comfort and aesthetic properties are some of key factors to be considered while selecting the fibers for making home textiles. In order to achieve the above, the following measurable properties of fibers are to be balanced.

  • Tensile strength – Tenacity at break, Modulus and Elasticity.
  • Moisture Absorption / Content properties.
  • Optical behaviors like reflection / absorption of light and shape of fiber.
  • Eco friendliness
  • Electrical and thermal characteristics such as fiber ability to dissipate static charge.

Table: Advantages of choosing a fiber type

Fiber Type Advantages
Cotton / Linen Comfort Moisture & Thermal Character.
Aesthetic Low Luster & Surface Irregularity.
Wool Comfort Warmth.
Viscose / Polynosic/ Modal Cost Lower than Cotton.
Comfort High Moisture Absorption / Retention Capacity.
Polyester/Acrylic Polyamide/Polypropylene Cost Longer Durability, High Strength & Tough.
Comfort Low Moisture Absorption Capacity, Low Thermo Plasticity.

Sometimes, modified fibers are also blended to achieve the desired end products and other factors like cost reduction and special coloring effects. The most common blends for home textiles are polyester / cellulosic, polyester/acrylic in the proportion 50:50 is 67:33 Blends with more than 50% fiber are termed ad richer fabric of that fiber; Cotton-rich, Polyester-rich, etc.

Various application of interior home textile products are described below:

1. BED SHEET

Raw Material: Cotton, Linen, P / C. It can be made up of the following cloths:

CLOTH RAW MATERIAL WEAVE
Cambric Cotton or Wool Plain
Dimity Cotton Plain with Cross / Length wise and Cross Bar Effect
Dotted Swiss Cotton Plain (Ground with Swivel, Lappet)
Gingham Cotton Plain (Stripe, check Plaids)
Corduroy Cotton, Rayon Filling Pile with Plain or Twill Back.
Crettone Cotton, Linen, Rayon Plain or Twill.
Denim Cotton Twill, Right-Handed L2/1, L3/1
Organd Cotton Plain, Swivel, lappet or Flocked Design
Plisse Cotton, Rayon Plain
Sateen Cotton, Rayon Sateen
Seersucker Cotton, Rayon Plain with Slack Tension

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Soft, Smooth
  • Warm Handle
  • Easy Care Properties
  • Hard Wearing
  • Good Dimensional Stability
Bed Sheet
Fig: Bed Sheet

Finishing:

2. PILLOWS

Raw Material:

  • Feathers of Goose, Rabbit, Down, Duck, etc. (In Cold Countries)
  • Polyester, Cotton (In Hot Countries)

It can be made up of the following cloths:

CLOTH RAW MATERIAL WEAVE
Crettone Cotton, Linen, Plain, Twill weaves
Tiking Cotton, Rayon Twill (L2, L3) Satin, Dobby & Jacquard

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Softer & Lighter
  • Shape Retention
  • Warmth / Coolness
Pillows
Fig: Pillows

Finishing:

  • Softening
  • Anti-Microbial Finish
  • Anti – Shrink Finish
  • Fire Retardant Finish

3. TOWELS:

Raw Material: Cotton, Viscose, Modal. It can be made up of the following cloths:

CLOTH RAW MATERIAL WEAVE USED
Gingham Cotton Plain (Stripes, Checks, Plaids)
Terrycloth Cotton, Linen,  Terry (3pick, 4 picks, 5 pick)

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Absorb Water
  • Softer Touch
  • Easy Care
Towels
Fig: Towels

Finishing:

  • Softening
  • Anti – Microbial
  • Anti – Odour Finish

4. BLANKETS & QUILTS

Raw material: Woolen, Cotton, P/C, Acrylic.

CLOTH RAW MATERIAL  WEAVE
Calico Cotton Plain
Chinchilla Cotton, Wool Sateen, Twill with Extra Filling
Flannelette Cotton Plain; Twill

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Warmth & Soft and Smooth
  • Heavy dense
  • Hard Wearing
Blankets and Quits
Fig: Blankets and Quits

Finishing:

  • Fire Retardant finishing
  • Softening
  • Anti – Microbial

5. TABLE CLOTH

Raw Material: Cotton, Polyester, P/V, P/C

CLOTH RAW MATERIAL WEAVE
Brocade Cotton (Ground), Viscose (Pattern) Jacquard, Dobby
Monk’s Cloth Wool, Cotton, Linen, Silk, Rayon 4 * 4 Basket Weave
Chenille Cotton Plain

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Absorb Moisture
  • Stain Repellent
  • Easy wash care
  • Hard wearing
Table clothes
Fig: Table cloth

Finishing:

  • Fire – Retardant finish
  • Stain – Repellent finish
  • Anti – Shrinkage finish

6. FURNISHING FABRICS

Raw Materials: Cotton, Polyester, Silk, P/C.

CLOTH RAW MATERIAL WEAVE
Brocade Cotton (Ground), Viscose (Pattern) Jacquard, Dobby
Chenille Cotton Plain
Organdy Cotton Plain with swivel, lappet
Lawn Cotton Plain
Gingham Cotton Plain (Stripes, Checks, Plaids)
Point de sprit Cotton, Silk Leno, Gauze
Voile Cotton, wool Plain loosely woven

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Good Color Combination
  • Fastness towards Light
  • Sufficient Weight
Furnishing fabrics
Fig: Furnishing fabrics

Finishing:

  • Fire – Retardant finishes
  • Anti – shrink treatment

7. UPHOLSTERY FABRICS

Raw Materials: Cotton, Rayon, Polypropylene, Acrylic

CLOTH RAW MATERIAL WEAVE
Corduroy Cotton, Rayon Pile with Plain or Twill
Denim Cotton Twill RH or L2/1, L3/1
Monk’s Cloth Wool, Cotton, Linen, Silk, Rayon 4 * 4 Basket Weave
Chenille Cotton Plain
Tiking Cotton Twill L2/1, L3/1, Satin, Jacquard, Dobby

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Soft
  • Comfort
  • Hard Wearing
  • Stain – Repellent finish
Upholstery fabrics
Fig: Upholstery fabrics

Finishing:

  • Fire – Retardant finish
  • Stain – Repellent finish

8. CUSHION COVERS

Raw Material: Cotton, Polyester, P / C, other Synthetics.

Consumer Requirements / Characteristics:

  • Soft
  • Comfort
  • Stain – Repellent
Cushion covers
Fig: Cushion covers

Finishing:

  • Stain – Repellent finish
  • Fire – Retardant finish

9. Window textiles

Raw material used: Polyester, flax, viscose, cotton, silk, acetate, jute, hemp, glass, and modacrilics

Requirements:

  • Sun filters
  • Easy washing (similar washing reaction for all dyes used)
  • Printed (natural designs)
  • Solid colour dyeing
  • Reflective textiles (Reduce solar gain prevent sun glare)

10. Curtain fabrics

Requirements:

  • Drape flame retardancy
  • Excellent light fastness
  • Opacity
  • Waterproof
  • Resistance to crease
  • Good aesthetic property

11. Wall covering

  • They are taking over market from paints.

Raw material used:

  • Jute (original), flax, cotton, polyurethane foam liner, laminated non-woven’s

Requirements:

  • Low flammability
  • Good sound absorber
  • Soil release
  • Excellent light fastness
  • Absorbing sound waves within the material is best achieve by material that are fibrous or cellular by nature such as mineral fiber and glass wool

12. Bathroom textiles

Raw material used: Cotton, polyester, flax, acrylic.

Bathroom textiles
Fig: Bathroom textiles

Requirements:

  • Soft feel
  • Absorbent

13. Shower curtains:

Requirements:

  • Water proof
  • Special treatments: These are plastic coated (Interlined with HDPE, LDPE)

14. Table textiles

Raw material used: Cotton, linen, polyester blends, flax, PAN

Requirements:

  • Soft handle
  • Stain proof
  • Drape properties
  • Excellent wash-n-wear
  • Durability
  • Good strength
  • Dimensional stability
  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Shape recovery
  • Heat insulation property

15. Textile art

  • Tapestry

Raw material used: Cotton, worsted wool

16. Wall hangings

Requirements: Good light fastness

Metal complex dyes are used primarily for subdued shades and acid dyes for brilliant shades. Yarn is moth proofed. Batik style of printing is also in use.

References:

  1. “Quality Parameters For Home Textiles” published by BTRA, Sep. 2004.
  2. “Techno Economics of Shuttless Looms” published by SITRA, Cbe.
  3. “Express Textiles” – Weekly Edition, 2004.
  4. Product broucher of home textile
  5. The book of towel manufacturing by sandip patil.
  6. www.emergingtrends.com
  7. www.bharattextiles.com
  8. www.fabriclink.com
  9. www.google.com
  10. www.vivisimo.com
  11. www.Indiamart.com

You may also like: Karur Home Textiles Industry – An Overview

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1 thought on “Uses of Fabrics for Interior Home Textile”

  1. Mahee is a brand name of Maheen Textile Mills (Pvt) Limited name associated with products of supreme quality, dedicated people who are passionate to serve and a history of excellence. We are manufacturers and exporters of fabric and made-ups from the fifth largest cotton producing country – Pakistan. Our broad product range includes poly cotton, 100% cotton, cotton rich and Egyptian cotton blends in different qualities and weaving techniques.

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