Application of AutoCad in Apparel Industry
Muhammad Bilal Younas
Dept. of Textile Engineering
University of Management & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
Computer aided design jobs have also been adopted in the modern textile industry. Although the term textile originally referred only to woven fabrics, those made by weaving year on a loom, today the textile industry includes apparel industry and fashion designing goods, knitted goods, braids, and other fabrics that are made from fibers, yarns, and other materials which are technologically aided with new designs. Now AutoCad widely used in apparel industry for dress design, pattern design, pattern grading, marker making, etc.
CAD helps to visualize and see their imaginative design in final form without producing any sample swatch. Sometimes, The customers too provide ideas for designing according to their particular requirement. These are in the form of painted artwork or fabric samples and sometimes film negatives. The textile designers, with the help of CAD, convert them into workable designs. For this to be done, the sample is scanned with the help of either scanners or digital cameras and then they are edited to obtain the final design.
AutoCAD is a vector-based drawing, all the drawing is based on X, Y co-ordinate (2D or 3D).
It is highly accuracy, ability to work in full scale (zoom in/out), rework design ideas and make changes instantly.
It is a conceptual process, art work for design purpose. The designer starts drawing from rough sketches which he later needs to trim in order to decide about the final sketches. Sketching is one of the most important steps in designing because the designer has to work through his creativity and knowledge of the trends in order to create something unique yet acceptable. CAD has made sketching faster and easier but the major advantage of using CAD in sketches comes from the many handy tools that are available in CAD software that are unable to be used in manual drawing method. In CAD the designer can draw and erase and than again draw and erase and mix ‘n match and do and redo.
Full size sketch/design can be made by AutoCAD in apparel industry given below:
Pattern Making by AutoCad:
A technical drawing with measurements, seam allowance for garment making.
A modification of pattern making for different sizes based on grading rules.
A process to arrange all fabric pieces (front/back/sleeve) with different sizes (S/M/L/XL) on cutting table for cutting.
In Apparel Production:
When production starts the designer or the producer of the garments visualizes in mind the final product, how it will look and if there are any flaws in the sketches he can modify them. The software which can enable designer to design the 3-D image of the product on computer screen and see the pros and cons of his idea. This technology is being used by so many fields because of its huge scope and benefits. The designer can design the whole dress with prints, colors, trims, accessories and embellishments on computer to look for any flaws in it.
Machines which cut, sew, grade and mark fabrics can be interfaced with computer to work efficiently. The time taken to finish each of these tasks is reduced in this way and even less labor is required because a single person can handle these machines; whereby in manual methods large number of labor is required to cut, sew or grade fabric.
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Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.