Water Jet Fabric Cutting Machine

Last Updated on 11/06/2021

Fabric Cutting by Water Jet Cutting Machine

Mayedul Islam
Merchandiser at Fashion Xpress Buying House.
Badda, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Email: mayedul07@gmail.com

 

Water Jet Fabric Cutting Machine:
A water jet cutter, also known as a water jet or waterjet, is an industrial tool capable of cutting fabric lay by using a very high-pressure jet of water, or a mixture of water and an abrasive substance. Water Jet Cutting Machines take cutting to the next level and increase your choices of greatly. A very fine water-jet is passed through a nozzle at a very high speed to cut the fabric lay. Water pressure used is 60,000 psi and used to cut fabric, lather, and plastic materials.

With the water jet cooling down the friction created during the cutting process, there are many different options including specialty tile work, metal, wood, and glass. Thickness of the lay has an influence on cutting quality. Lower the thickness of the lay better will be the cutting quality. Like a normal saw, water is pumped onto the cutting wheel to reduce the heat that is created. This allows for the water jet cutting machine to work more efficiently and with less friction, there is less need for replacing the cutting blades. Water used for jet needs filtration and de-ionization treatment. Water pressure, nozzle size, and cutting speed are inter-related to cutting quality and speed. Water jet fabric cutting machine is controlled by a computer and special software is used to cut fabric. For doing this cutting ice table is used.

Water Jet fabric Cutting Machine
Fig: Water Jet fabric Cutting Machine

Advantages of Water Jet Cutting Machine:

  1. Comparatively higher speed of fabric cutting.
  2. No need of sharpening / grinding.
  3. Suitable for comparatively harder materials cutting.
Cutting by water nozzle
Fig: Cutting by water nozzle

Disadvantages of Water Jet Cutting Machine:

  1. Not suitable for higher depth of lay cutting;
  2. Wet cut edges at the pattern;
  3. Water spot may develop in the fabric;
  4. Water needs filtration and de-ionization treatment.
  5. Lower plies of multi-layer fabric cutting may not have sharp line.
  6. Needs to control sound of water jet.

Uses of Water Jet Cutting Machine:
Water jet cutting machine is are used to cut soft materials such as paper, foam, plastic, rubber, leather, composites, and textiles. CAD/CAM software combined with CNC controllers transfer drawings into a programmed path for the cutting head. Water-jet treatment is also used for denim fabric and garment finishing. In the process called water-jet fading, strong jets of water remove color gradually until the fabric gets the desired shade of blue. These nonchemical procedures cause little damage to the fabric.

You may also like: Important Terms of Cutting for Students and Professionals

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