Khadi Industry in India – Present Status and Future Scope

Last Updated on 22/12/2020

Khadi Industry in India – Present Status and Future Scope

R.S. Balakumar
Associate Professor
Dept of Fashion Design & Arts
Hindustan University, Chennai, India
Email: rsbalakumar1953@gmail.com

 

Introduction:
The Indian heritage of khadi is only a cloth woven by hand using hand spun yarn only. Khadi is not just a piece of cloth for Indians, it represent eternal sentiments with every Indian. Natural fiber’s like cotton, wool and silk are using in spinning and the production activity is carried out in the Indian rural areas.

Since Khadi is used to emphasize the basic or fundamental required fabric, the soft twist transmit by the hand maintains the yarn hairiness to an extent, which always giving the maximum comfort to the wearer. The handloom used in weaving of khadi cloth interlacing the threads in a manner that allows optimum air to penetrate to the human body and settle the body better than any other fabric is being functioning. Khadi cloth is recognized as one of the coolest and most comfortable fabric ever known.

Khadi Industry in India
Fig: Khadi dress in fashion show

Since Khadi deals in natural fibers like cotton, silk and wool only spun and woven in natural environment it can have the abilities of being 100%

Natural, unlike handloom and mills which receive cotton yarn, blended with some regenerated cellulose fibers. Khadi cloth is dyed in natural dyes also makes a proper combination for a green fabric.

Environment and ecology occupy an important place among the key focal issues faced by the universal today. In the era of degenerating environment, efforts are on to produce 100%. Eco-friendly textiles where even the cotton will be grown without using chemical fertilizers. But, surprisingly this is already being done in India in the Eastern part of Andhra Pradesh in the South India.

There are different varieties are specific to various Indian states and are given below in Table 1.

WEST BENGAL:

TYPE VARIETIES ITEMS
Cotton Shirting, Dress materials Muslin 300s, 400s, 500s metric count
Silk Shirting, Dress Materials Garad, Reeledsilk, Dyed and Printed MatkaKete
Silk Saree Murshidabad silk sarees, Baluchari and katha-stich

GUJARAT:

Cotton Shirting, Dress Materials Kuchchi mirror work
Silk Saree Patola

MADHYA PRADESH:

Silk Saree Tassar,Chanderi

ASSAM:

Cotton Bed Spread, Thick wrapper Moogaendilaishampee
Silk Saree, Shawl

JAMMU AND KASHMIR:

Wool Shawl, Furnishing Merino embroidery and pashmina shawls/namda

HIMACHAL PRADESH:

Wool Shawl Kulu Shawls

PUNJAB:

Wool Blanket/Hosiery/Coating Merino and Mix Merino Sweaters mix merino tweeds

RAJASTHAN:

Cotton Shirting Upkar, Gavdha, Merino and Polyester
Wool Suiting, Blankets Wool, Merino and mix merino

ANDHRA PRADESH:

Cotton Shirting/Furnishings and Bed Spreads PonduruFine, Muslin (DT) Kalamkari
Silk Saree DharmavaramSilk, Pochampalli Tie and Dye Sarees

TAMIL NADU:

Silk Saree,Shirtings Kanjipuram / Polyester cotton blended

KARNATAKA:

Cotton Coating DT Coating
Silk Saree Mysore Silk

ORISSA:

Silk Saree Bomkai, Sambalpur

Khadi is produced by permitted in Khadi spinning. Because of vast diversity in the attitude and culture of Indian masses, the difference is bound to occur. Khadi cloth is standardized and quality parameters are fixed and followed by KVIC Khadi Village Industries commission-a govt of In interlacement of handspun yarn or handloom. Use of only natural fiber is dia undertaking enterprise.

PRESENT STATUS AND FUTURE SCOPE OF KHADI INDUSTRY IN INDIA
In the current scenario, following are some principle challenges to the growth of the khadi industry in India.

  1. Inconsistency in supply and demand
  2. Lack of awareness among people and businesses
  3. Impact of GST on khadi
  4. Slow trickle-down of research and development works
  5. The plight of cotton farmers
A.COTTON, SILK, WOOL AND MUSLIN
Spindles installed 2.18 million
Yarn produced 25.91 million kgs
Looms installed 1,33,270 nos.
Employment 14.97 Lakhs
Total Production 111.49 million sq.mtrs
Sales Rs.581.20 crores
B.POLYVASTRA 0.20 million
Spindles installed 25.91 million kgs
Yarn produced 8,727 nos
Looms installed 0.46 lakh
Total Production 10.05 million sq.mtrs
Sales Rs.42.35 crores

The handspun yarn and hand woven cloth obtained by blending polyester staple fiber with other.

COUTRESY: Khadi Village Industries commission [KVIC]

Khadi production activity is spread all over India, mostly in villages and also in small town. Yearly, India produces Rs.600 crores worth khadi and has accumulate sales worth Rs.900 crore.

Present target is to increase the khadi sale to Rs 2000 crore in the next five years. The overall production of village industries is Rs.18,000crore . There are more than 1 crore people attached with Khadi and Village industries and most of them from scheduled and minority caste.

At present Khadi fabric is used to produce ready made garments like men’s short sleeve slack, long sleeve shirt, long kurtas, churidhar, dhoti, saree, lungi, angavasthiram, shawl, pyjama, ladies kurtis, nighty long leisure robes are being manufactured and sell in their own khadi gram odhyog bhavan showroom.

Right now Khadi is exported to many countries like China, Japan, USA, England, Germany, Russia, Canada and many more.

Khadi is an eco-friendly apparel. The demand for Khadi is being increased rapidly. Presently, India exports around Rs.150 crore worth of Khadi and village industries products and to reach Rs.5000 crore in the next five years. Indian Government has taken continuous effort to grow further more of the Khadi sector in all the states within India.

Ten million people are gaining self employment opportunities in next five years. The vast challenges is to push up the Khadi institutes to move the changing times and trends. Moreover, new design production to the people connected with Khadi industry. At present 32 industries are catering the skill and training offered to the younger generation to gain knowledge.

References:

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khadi
  2. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/topic/khadi-industry
  3. https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/959/khadi-the-pride-of-india
  4. https://www.onlineclothingstudy.com/2020/09/challenges-confronting-khadi-sector-in.html

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