Application of Technical Textiles

Last Updated on 31/01/2021

Application of Technical Textiles

Authors: Taha Bin Yahya
Maaz Wasim Khan
Akram Ali
National Textile University, Faisalabad, Pakistan


Technical Textiles:
Textiles are divided into clothing, household fabrics, and technical textiles. Clothing and household fabrics (curtains, textile wallpaper, upholstery fabrics, carpet, and floor coverings) seem to be easily defined. Technical and industrial textiles relate both to kinds of products and to the application of textiles to particular uses. Examples of technical textiles products are high tenacity yarns, or special elastic or coated fabrics, all of which have high technology content.

As far as industrial applications are concerned, textile-based articles can offer considerable performance advantages compared to other materials. For example, the pressure suits for astronauts, the cold- and water-resistant suits for divers, and the protective apparel of steel workers do not belong to the group of clothing; they are technical textiles.

application of technical textiles
Fig: Different application of technical textiles

The sector of technical textile has experienced a spectacular increase during last years. Technical textiles consumption has increased worldwide by about >20% in volume. Cars and the transport industry, furniture, medical applications, clothing and construction are important users of technical and industrial textiles.

Given that innovation in new materials, processes and products is an inherent feature of this sub-sector, expenditure on research and development (R&D) is higher in this field than for conventional textiles (reaching up to 8-10% of turnover, compared to the industrial average of 3-5%). In the development of fibers, yarns and fabrics, functional aspects – such as anti-bacterial, anti-static, UV protective, thermal, or biodegradable functions – are playing an increasingly important role. Performance requirements and technical specifications determine the success of a product. Usually, technical textiles are created in a close relationship between the producer and the consumer so as to ensure tailor-made solutions to specific user purposes.

Application of Technical Textiles

EarthworksLinings, netting, insulation, artificial grass (“geo-textiles“)Construction companies for roads, water engineering, soil stabilization, tunnels and other earthworks
ConstructionInsulation and roofing materials (“building textiles”)Building firms, architects
AgricultureSun protection for greenhouses, fishing nets (“agro-textiles“)Farming, horticulture and fishing
TransportCar mats and lining, airbags, fire resistant seat covers and carpets, safety beltsProducers of cars, airplanes, boats
Medical and healthcareBandages, medical corsetry
(“medical textiles“)
Hospitals, nursing homes, households
ProtectionSafety nets, ribbons and tapes, fire resistant clothing (“protecting textiles”)Industry, public procurement, households
PackagingTwine and cordage, sacks and bags, tarpaulins (“packing textiles”)Industry, distribution, households
Military and public servicesFire service equipment, bullet-proof jackets, army tents, parachutes, extinguishing blankets, tubesMilitary/security, forestry, offshore oil industry
Specialized clothingSports, skiing and leisureActive sports, mountaineering,  households
CommunicationsOptical fibers, image conductor cablesCommunication sector
IndustryFilters, drive and conveyer belts, abrasive beltsEngineering, machinery, chemicals, plastics, mining, energy, etc.
FurnishingInterlaid scrims, braiding, shower curtains, umbrellas, parasols, deck chairs, textile wall papersDecoration firms, households

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