Method study is the process of subjecting work to systematic, critical scrutiny to make it more effective and/or more efficient. It is one of the keys to achieving productivity improvement. Method study is the principal technique for reducing the work involved, primarily by eliminating unnecessary movement and by substituting good methods for poor ones. Method study is one of the keys to achieving productivity improvement in the garment industry. Method study is essentially used for finding better ways of doing work. It is also a technique for cost reduction in garment manufacturing.
It was originally designed for the analysis and improvement of repetitive manual work but it can be used for all types of activity at all levels of an organization. Method study is essentially used for finding better ways of doing work. It is a technique for cost reduction.
The philosophy of method study is that ‘there is always a better way of doing a job’ and the tools of method study are designed to systematically arrive at this better way of doing a job.
Objectives of Method Study:
- Improvement of processes and procedures
- Improvement in the design of plant and equipment
- Improvement of layout
- Improvement in the use of men, materials and machines
- Economy in human effort and reduction of unnecessary fatigue
- Improvement in safety standards
- Development of better working environment.
Working Procedure of Method Study in Garment Industry
The basic approach to method study consists of the following eight steps. The detailed procedure for conducting the method study is shown in Fig.
All steps are described briefly:
1. SELECT the work to be studied and define its boundaries. The first step, once the Method Study idea is conceived, is the orientation and determination of objectives. The problem must be defined.
2. RECORD the relevant facts about the job by direct observation and collect such additional data as may be needed from appropriate sources. When the job has been selected for Method Study, the next step is to collect and record all the relevant data. The facts collected about the existing method are subsequently subjected to a thorough examination with a view to evolving improved methods. Hence, a clear and precise record is necessary, if method study is to be effective.
3. EXAMINE the way the job is being performed and challenge its purpose, place sequence and method of performance.
4. DEVELOP the most practical, economic and effective method, drawing on the contributions of those concerned.
5. EVALUATE different alternatives to developing a new improved method comparing the cost-effectiveness of the selected new method with the current method with the current method of performance.
6. DEFINE the new method, as a result, in a clear manner and present it to those concerned, i.e., management, supervisors and workers.
7. INSTALL the new method as a standard practice and train the persons involved in applying it.
8. MAINTAIN the new method and introduce control procedures to prevent a drifting back to the previous method of work.
It has been proved that the adoption of such a procedure ensures that no significant point is overlooked and helps in achieving maximum possible results.
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Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.