Impact of Fast Fashion on Climate Change

Impact of Fast Fashion on Climate Change

Manisha Beniwal
Department of Textiles (Fashion Technology)
DKTE’S Textile & Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, India
Intern at Textile Learner


Fast Fashion:
Fast fashion to define a largely profitable and exploitative business model that’s grounded on copying and replicating high end fashion designs. The clothes are mass-produced, with workers frequently working in inhuman conditions, and are purposefully designed to be frail with a limited lifetime as designs change snappily and are cheap to produce. They’re also consumed at an advanced rate and so the prospects for the clothes’ lifetime drop, leading to multiple ethical and sustainable issues.

Fast fashion pollution creates not only long term and potentially unrecoverable environmental damage, but complicates the goods of climate change. Fast fashion is presto in further ways than one. The rise of fast fashion is intertwined with the rise of social media and influencer culture. Consumer demand and tastes have come inextinguishable and ever-changing, leading to fast fashion companies rushing to reproduce particulars whenever an influencer posts a print wearing a new outfit. Still, they aren’t simply replying to consumer demand but are also creating it. The clothes produced by these companies are purposefully not made to last; a strategy known as planned fustiness.

Due to fast changing trends, directors respond by manufacturing clothes more and more fleetly, which means that designs aren’t well stress-tested and cheap synthetic fabrics are used to keep costs low. With its reliance on unsustainable plastic fabrics, the assiduity’s enormous water operation, and the unethical treatment of its workers, the rise of fast fashion has had ruinous consequences on the world. Due to how affordable fast fashion apparel is and how snappily trends come and go, the substantial increase in apparel consumption has led to a substantial increase in cloth product. Global per capita product of cloth increased from 5.9 kg per time to 13 kg per time from 1975 to 2018.

Global consumption of vesture has risen to an approximate 62 million tonnes per time and is projected to further reach 102 million tonnes by the time 2030. As a result, fast fashion brands are producing twice the quantum of clothes moment than in the time 2000. This dramatic increase in product has also caused an increase in both pre and post-production cloth waste. Due to the number of cut outs for the apparel, a large number of accoutrements get wasted as they cannot be used any further, with one study prognosticating that 15 of fabric used in garment manufacturing is wasted. Post-production, 60 of roughly 150 million garments produced encyclopaedically in 2012 were discarded just a many times after product. Despite similar high rates of cloth waste, cloth recycling remains too low, with 57 of all discarded apparel ending up in tips, which poses multiple public health and environmental troubles as poisonous substances including methane, a hothouse gas that’s at least 28 times more potent than carbon dioxide, are released when tips are burned.

Fast fashion pollution and climate change
Figure 1: Fast fashion pollution and climate change

Polyester, cotton, and the impact of fibers on climate change:
It might surprise you to learn that among all the aspects of fashion — from product to transport — it’s the fibres that are most responsible for emission. Around two-thirds of the carbon footprint of a garment comes from the product of its fibers. Specifically, the impact stems from our over-reliance on synthetic fibers (composing 65 of apparel), which outstrips our preference for cotton. Synthetic fibers, substantially polyester and nylon, are non-renewable and are deduced from fossil energies — videlicet crude oil painting. In fact, an estimated 342 million barrels of oil painting are used each time in the product of synthetic fibres.

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In India, 1 million tonnes of textiles thrown away each year:
India’s domestic cloth and vesture assiduity contributed nearly 2 of gross domestic product and reckoned for 14 of artificial product in 2018, according to a report co-produced by the Indian Chamber of Commerce (ICC). Besides import, domestic demand for fashion is growing exponentially. Per capita expenditure on vesture is anticipated to reach Rs 400 by 2023, from Rs 900 in 2018, with rising income of middle class consumers a crucial factor, per the ICC report. India is set to come one of the most seductive consumer requests for vesture outside the West, with further than 300 transnational fashion brands anticipated to open stores in India in 2022- 23, per McKinsey. As we said, in India, further than 1 million tonnes of fabrics are thrown down every time, with utmost of this coming from ménage sources, according to the Indian Textile Journal. Fabrics make up about 3 by weight of a ménage caddy. Textile waste is also the third largest source of external solid waste in India.

The environmental impact of the fast fashion industry
Figure 2: The environmental impact of the fast fashion industry

How we can reduce these and make difference?
The best way to combat fashion-related waste and pollution is to change your buying habits. Then are six ways you can reduce the carbon footprint of your apparel

  1. Don’t be so quick to toss clothes out – if possible, mend or repair apparel rather of buying new.
  2. To insure your apparel lasts longer, be sure to censor on lower temperatures and line dry when you can. However, elect garments that are well- made and avoid synthetic accoutrements like polyester, which releases nearly three times further carbon emigrations than cotton.
  3. If you must buy new clothing.
  4. Check out original providence, stretch, and consignment shops for new-to-you clothes.
  5. Contribute, contribute, and contribute! There are a ton of places that accept gently used apparel. And if your clothes are beyond form, don’t toss them out – indeed stained or ripped garments can be reclaimed. Known as cloth recycling, these else unwearable apparel particulars are collected and made into other products. Locally, the University of Pittsburgh now has a number of locales to collect fabrics.

Thus it is necessary to give attention toward the impact of fast fashion on climate change because it is giving severe impact on environment and contributing to the further damage to environment since fast fashion is making lot of pollution and that leads to bad environment and affect the health of people around.


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  2. Fast fashion needs to slow down for the climate. Retrieved July 9, from,
  3. Climate Change: How Fast Fashion Hurts The Environment. Retrieved July 9, from,
  4. Clothes & Climate Change: How a Fashion Choice Change Could Lead to Better Air Quality. Retrieved July 9, from,

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