Different Parts of Loom and Their Functions with Pictures

Last Updated on 22/12/2020

Different Parts of Loom and Their Functions with Pictures

Meftaul Ferdous
Lecturer, Dept. of Textile Engineering
Islami Bank Institute of Technology
Email: tex.e.ferdous@gmail.com


Loom is a machine which used to manufacture woven fabric. A loom contains different parts. Every part has individual function. There I discuses the functions different parts of loom with figure.

Different parts of loom with identification:

parts of loom with identification
Fig: Cross section of shuttle loom with identification

Functions of different parts of loom with specific figures:

Warp Beam:
The warp beam, which holds the warp yarns, is located at the back of the machine and is controlled so that it releases warp yarns to the weaving area of the loom as needed. This beam is produced by warping.

Warp Beam
Fig: Warp Beam

Healds Shaft:
It is a frame which contain more amount of wire. Every wire contain a hole or eye in its center through which a warp yarn is threaded. Healds control the warp yarn to produce shed by the tappet, dobby, or jacquard mechanisms.

Heald Shaft
Fig: Heald Shaft

Shuttle is the device used in weaving to carry the weft warn. The picking are completed by shuttle at shuttle loom. The filling thread is wound on a bobbin which sets into the shuttle or bobbin container. As the shuttle passes back and forth through the warp shed, it releases thread from the bobbin and so forms the filling cloth.

loom Shuttle
Fig: Shuttle

This is inevitably a combination made up of steel wire rods set vertically in a frame. The spaces between the wires are known as splits or dents and are kept even and parallel. This is the first function of reed. Its second function is to feed the filling thread into position. To do this it has to move in a back and forth motion. It attach the pick with fell of the cloth.

Reed of loom
Fig: Reed

Cloth Roller:
The cloth beam, which holds the fabrics , is located at the front of the machine. The produced fabric are wind on this beam by take up motion.

Cloth Roller
Fig: Cloth Roller

It is a parts which attach with a spindle. Its get motion from picking arm and this motion help the shuttle to passing one side to another side. It made by plastics.

Picker of loom
Fig: Picker

Picking Stick or Arm:
It is a wooden arm or stick which give motion on the picker.

Picking Arm
Fig: Picking Arm

The parts at the edges of the cloth which supports to maintain fixed dimension in width.

 loom Temple
Fig: Temple

Lease Rod:
Another guiding device it is for the warp yarns. These are two sorts of wooden or glass rods set between the whip rolls and the heddles. Alternating warp threads can be kept separate by passing over and under these rods.

Lease Rod
Fig: Lease Rod

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