Fabric Dewatering Machine: Objectives, Process Sequence & Operational Parameters

Last Updated on 21/06/2021

Dewatering Machine:
In knit fabric finishing process squeezing or dewatering machine is used in case of tube or open form fabric for removing water after dyeing. In case of piece goods fabric hydro-extractor machine is used for water removing. During de-watering process additional chemical is used for soften the fabric. Different types of operational parameters are controlled during dewatering process.

dewatering machine
Fig: Squeezer or dewatering machine

Objectives and Functions of Dewatering Machine:
Various types of objectives are achieved by the de-watering process. Followings are the main objectives and functions of the dewatering machine.

  1. To remove the water from the fabric.
  2. To control the width of the fabric.
  3. To control the length of the fabric.
  4. To control the spirality of the fabric.
  5. To control the grain line of the fabric.
  6. To control the over feeding system
  7. Fabric is open from the rope form.
  8. Width-wise stretch of the fabric is done.
  9. Fabric is turn into plait form by this process.
  10. GSM of the fabric is controlled during de-watering.
  11. To control the crease mark of the fabric.
  12. Excess or remaining water is removed or reduce by the dewatering machine.
  13. In most of the cases, softener is applying during de-watering process.
  14. Apply overfeed to give some compactor.

Process Sequence in Dewatering Machine:

Dyed fabric from trolley

J box

De-twisted

Spreading

Fabrics pass through second padding chamber

Ballooning

Fabrics pass through second padding chamber

Spreading

Working Principle of Dewatering Machine:
After completing the dyeing process from the dyeing machine then the fabrics are ready for de-watering. In de-watering machine tubular fabrics are mainly processed. There is a magnetic sensor which scene the twist of the fabric and its direction and turn the fabric in opposite direction to remove twist automatically. Here dewatering is performed. De-watering is the process to remove the water from the fabric completely by squeezing and it is done by the padder. A suitable expander is used before the fabric is passed through the nip of the padders, which expands the fabric flat wise and adjust the width.

Passage Diagram of The fabric in Dewatering Machine
Fig: Passage Diagram of The fabric in Dewatering Machine

The expander width is adjusted as S/J- 20%, PK-25%, Int.-35%, Lacoste-40% wider than the required width. There is a pair of rubber coated padder, where water is removed from fabric when passed through the nip of it.

Normally squeezer contain single or double padders where,

  • One for removing water and
  • Other for applying finishing chemicals such as softener.

But this finishing is done only for the tubular fabric. Open widths knitted fabrics are applied finishing treatment later in stenter machine.

Here present the compressor which given compress air to form ballooning before passing through the padder. This balloon remove crease mark but not form the maximum balloon otherwise shrinkage increase.

In feed and out feed traverses which present in albatros control the following functions by over feeding system:

  1. To control the width (dia) of the fabric.
  2. To control the spirality of the fabric.
  3. To control the crease mark of the fabric.
  4. To control the length of the fabric.

Follow the following fabric process routine:
The over stretching depends on these requirements.

Table: Unloading dia from dewatering machine

Item Un-loading dia from de-watering machine
1×1 Rib IN DIA + 20 % TO + 30  % OUT DIA
Interlock IN DIA + 20 % + 30 % OUT DIA
Single jersey IN DIA + 10 % TO + 20  % OUT DIA
Polo PK IN DIA + 10 % TO + 15  % OUT DIA
2×1 Rib IN DIA + 15 % TO + 20  % OUT DIA

Operational Parameters of Dewatering Machine:

  1. Speed: As much as possible (40-60 m/min). Higher the GSM lower the speed.
  2. Over feed: As required. Higher the GSM higher the over feed.
  3. Padder pressure: 3-7 bar as required. Higher the GSM lower the padder pressure.
  4. Width: Fabric width is adjusted as per required width.

Rule of Squeezing Machine or Dewatering Machine:

  • Twisting not allow in twister
  • Air must be enough in first and 2nd balloon for all fabrics

System of Single Jersey (S/J):

  • Dia of squeezer Ring guide 2” larger than dyed fabric.
  • 1st padder pressure 1.5-2 bar and 2nd padder pressure 5-6 bar setting.
  • Enough over feed for 1-2% compaction.
  • Delivered fabric 1” large than Required dia.
  • M/C RPM setting must be 40.

System of 1×1 Rib and Interlock:

  • Dia of squeezer Ring guide 3-3.5” larger than dyed fabric.
  • 1st padder pressure 1.5 bar and 2nd padder pressure 5 bar setting.
  • Enough over feed for 1-2% compaction.
  • Delivered fabric 1.5-2” large than Required dia.
  • M/C RPM setting must be 50.

System of PK or lacust:

  • Dia of squeezer Ring guide 2-3” larger than dyed fabric.
  • 1st padder pressure 2 bar and 2nd padder pressure 4 bar setting.
  • Enough over feed for 2-4% compaction.
  • Delivered fabric 1.5-2” large than Required dia.
  • M/C RPM setting must be 30-35.

Calculation of Dewatering Machine:

…………………………..GSM of fabric before J box – GSM of fabric after second padder
Extracted water % = —————————————————————————————– x 100
………………………………………………………GSM of fabric before J box

…………………………GSM of fabric before J box – GSM of fabric after second padder
Residual water % = ——————————————————————————————× 100
………………………………………….GSM of fabric after second padder

Softener take-up %,

….GSM of fabric  after second padder – GSM of fabric before second padder × 100
= ———————————————————————————————————————–
……………………………………GSM of fabric before second padder

You may also like:

  1. Different Parts and Specifications of De-watering Machine and Their Functions
  2. Textile Finishing: Beautification Process of Fabric
  3. How to Control Fabric Shrinkage, GSM and Dia in Compactor Machine
  4. Comparative Study between Open Line & Tube Line Finishing Process
  5. Knit Fabric Turning Process | Features of Fabric Turning Machine
  6. Spirality Correction System Machine: How it Works for Knitted Fabrics

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