Textile Recycling and Uses of Recycled Denim
Irfan Shafik Mujawar and Raju Kupelur
DKTE Textile and Engineering Institute, Ichalkaranji, India
The meaning of textile recycling is nothing but reuse of wastage material which are produced in our daily life. For example: Production of polyester filament or fiber by waste water bottle. Generally water bottles which we use in our daily life is made up from PET. Which is non- biodegradable and create environmental problems, to overcome this problems and produce polyester staple fiber with low cost generally recycling of PET bottles is carried out.
Types of Recycling:
The recycling of resources can be broadly divided into thermal, material, chemical sector. In there fiber and textile industry, thermal recycling is intended to recover heat energy generated from the incineration of fibre wastes as thermal or electrical energy. This method, although easily practicable, does not mean the recycling of resources. Material recycling recovers polymers from fibres or plastics, and at presented idea of transforming polyethylene terephthalate into fibers is most economical and widely used for practical purposes. But there is concern about this method which is apt to let impurities mix into recovered polymers, resulting in declined quality and spinning stability. Chemical recycling recovers monomers from waste fibres by polymer decomposition. This is the method of future. Impurities can easily remove from recovered monomers, so their quality will be made exactly equal to virgin monomers. An important consideration in all three sections is to establish an economical collecting system and an efficient recovery technology and to develop commodities using recovered materials. The key point of material and chemical recycling in particular is how to collect and separate wastes. In this context, it may be argued that the development of those products that can be easily recycled will be an important task to be carried out in the years ahead.
A) Used Clothing Markets:
Recovery from the waste stream includes re use of a product in its original form. The largest volume of good is shorted for second hand clothing markets.
B) Conversion to new products:
Two categories of conversion to new products will be used here.
- Breakdown of fabric to fiber: Shoddy (from knits) and mungo (from woven garments) are terms for the break down of fabric to fiber through cutting, shredding, carding, and other mechanical process. The fiber is then re engineered into value added product. These value added product include stuffing, automotive component, and carpet underlays, building materials such as insulation and roofing felt, and low end blankets.
- Re design of used clothing: The other category for conversion to new products is the actual re design of used clothing. Current fashion trends are reflected by team of young designers who and customize second hand clothes.
What is Denim?
Denim is study cotton warp faced textile in which the weft passes under loom or warp threads. These will weave produces a diagonal ribbing that distinguishes it from Cotton duck. The most common denim is indigo denim in which threads are dyed while the weft thread is left white. As are the result of the warp faced twill weaving one side of the textile is dominated by the blue warp threads and other side is dominated by the White weft threads. This causes blue jeans to be white on the inside. The indigo dyeing process, in which the core of warp threads remains white, creates denims signature fading characteristics.
Application of Recycled Denim:
Denim garments have become an inevitable part of our every life. Old and used denims can be creatively recycled into unimaginable, creative, and useful products those can become very handful for day to day life. There are many reasons behind for using recycled denim. Recycled denims are a great and creative way to dress up while going ones contribution to the environment as well. Here are given some creative and adorable uses of recycled denim with pictures.
1) Denim helmet:
2) Mobile cover:
3) Denim toilet seat:
4) Denim seat cover:
5) Denim dog coat:
Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.