Impurities of Different Natural Fibers with Percentage
M. Hossen Uzzal
B.Sc. in Textile Technology
Noakhali Textile Engineering College
Impurities in different natural fibers:
The term impurity is used to described material other than fiber which is found in raw or processed stock. Generally, impurities must be removed during the spinning process, so the type and amount of impurity is also of importance to the yarn manufacturer.
Every natural textile fiber is made with a little bit of impurities which are totally unusable. Before use that fiber its need to remove those impurities from the fiber with keeps the useable part of that fiber. Various quantities of impurities and various types of impurities are included in textile natural fibers. Different types of natural fibers, impurities and quantities are given blew.
Impurities of Cotton Fiber:
Cotton is a uni-cellulose fiber. Cellulose is the use able and main part of the cotton fiber. 94% cellulose and 6% impurities are made a natural cotton fiber.
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The name and the percentage of impurities are given below:
- Protein ———————————1.3%
- Pectin’s ——————————–1.2%
- Oil, Fat, Wax ————————–0.6%
- Mineral Matters ———————– 1.3%
- Ash ————————————-0.5%
- Others ———————————1.1%
- Total Impurities ———————–6%
- Cellulose ——————————- 94%
NB: Cellulose is the main useable element in cotton fiber & the quantity of impurities and cellulose could be less or high.
Impurities of Jute Fiber:
Jute fiber is a multi-cellulose fiber and the main useable element is cellulose in this fiber. Generally 65% Cellulose and 35% impurities are including in a jute fiber, It could be less or high.
Percentage and the name of impurities in jute are given below:
Color pigment, Regions and others ——–2.0%
Total Impurities ———————————–35%
NB: Cellulose is the main useable element in Jute fiber & the quantity of impurities and cellulose could be less or high.
Impurities of Wool Fiber:
Wool is a natural animal fiber. The authentic element of wool is keratin. 61% keratin and 39% impurities are made-up the natural animal wool fiber. The impurities are Wool Wax or grease, Suint, dirt, burrs, minaret meters, water and others. Let’s have a look of percentage. It’s could be less of high.
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Percentage and the name of impurities in wool are given below:
Wool Wax or grease —————————11%
Burrs minaret meters, Water and others —–12%
Total Impurities ———————————39%
Total: ———————————————- 100%
NB: Keratin is the main useable element in Wool fiber & the quantity of impurities and Keratin could be less or high.
Impurities of Silk Fiber:
Silk is a natural animal fiber which one is produce from silk worm. Sericin is the main impurities in the silk fiber. Fibroin is the main element is the main part of the silk its called pure silk.
Percentage of impurities of silk fiber are given below:
Wax ——————————————– 1.5%
Mineral salt, color, Pigment and others —–0.5%
Total Impurities ———————————-24%
NB: Fibroin is the main useable element in Silk fiber & the quantity of impurities and fibroin could be less or high.
You may also like:
- Physical and Chemical Properties of Wool Fiber
- Application of High Performance Fibers for Special Purposes
- Technical Properties of Cotton Fiber
- Different Types of Man Made Fibers with Their Application
- Chemical Composition of Cotton Fiber
- Difference between Natural Fiber and Man Made Fiber
Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.