A Survey on Global Technical Textile Market and Its End Use by Year, Country, Amount, Fibers Used in Their Production
Nusrat Jahan Pushpa
Dept. of Textile Engineering
BGMEA University of Fashion & Technology, Dhaka
A technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion. In the initial time of textile manufacturing, men used to produce clothing which were required to be civilized. They used to put emphasis on decorative and aesthetic properties of clothing during manufacturing. But, day by day their demand changed dramatically. They began to put emphasis on technical and functional properties along with decorative and aesthetic properties. So, textile can be can be classified into two sectors according to its applications. They are traditional and technical textile. The industries which produce traditional dresses, curtains, blankets, lingerie etc. products to fulfill general and aesthetic demands are called traditional textile industries and this sector is known as traditional Textile sector. On the other hand, the industries which produce products that can meet up specific demand like protection from cold, bad weather, extreme situation etc. are called technical textile industries. This sector is known as technical textile sector.
Raw Materials of Technical Textiles:
Raw materials used for making technical textile are as follows –
- Natural fibers – Cotton, Wool, Jute, Silk etc.
- Synthetic polymers – PES, PA, PAN, PP etc.
- Regenerated fibers – Rayon and acetate fiber.
- Minerals – Asbestos.
- Metals – Carbon, steel etc.
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Different types of basic processes are employed for manufacturing technical textiles like weaving and knitting. Some advanced processes like stitch bonding, chemical, thermal bonding to needle punching etc. are also used. All these processes are used for making the finished technical textile. Some other technical textile products like ropes, bags, belts etc. are also produced by these techniques.
Different Branches of Technical Textiles and Their End Uses
- Meditech – Baby diapers, contact lenses, sanitary napkins, Artificial cornea, heart valves, ligaments, skin etc.
- Agrotech – Fishing, crop, bird protection, and shade nets etc.
- Buildtech – Canvas tarpaulin, floor & wall covering etc.
- Mobiletech – Helmets, automotive airbags, Insulating felts, Seat belt webbing etc.
- Protech – Industrial gloves, fire flame retardant fabrics, chemical protection clothing, bullet proof jackets etc.
- Indutech – Ropes, cordage, industrial brushes, filtration products, conveyor belts etc.
- Hometech – Stuffed toys, mosquito nets, mattresses, pillow, furniture fabrics, window blinds etc.
- Clothtech – Umbrella fabrics, shoe laces, sewing threads, interlinings etc.
- Sporttech – Swimwear, tents, sports nets, sleeping bags, sail cloths etc.
- Packtech – Tea bags, wrapping fabrics, Jute sacks etc.
- Oekotech – Floor sealing, erosion protection, air cleaning, prevention of water pollution etc.
- Geotech – Nets, mats, grids, composites etc.
Global Technical Textile Market Share by End Use:
Global Technical Textile Market Size
Technical textiles have seen an upward trend globally in the recent years due to improving economic conditions. Technological advancements, increase in end-use applications, cost effectiveness, durability, user-friendliness and eco-friendliness of technical textiles has led to the upsurge of its demand in the global market. Indutech, Mobiltech, Packtech, Buildtech and Hometech together represent 2/3rd of the global market in value.
The demand for technical textiles was pegged at $ 165 billions in the year 2018 and is expected to grow up to $220bn by 2025, at a CAGR of 4% from 2018-25. The Asia-Pacific has been leading the technical textiles sector by capturing 40% of the global market, while North America and Western Europe stand at 25% & 22% respectively.
Asia-Pacific has seen a tremendous growth in this sector and captures the largest market share due to rapid urbanisation and technological advancements in medical, automobile and construction industries. This is further catalysed by easy production, low cost labor and conducive government policy support.
European Union was leading in consumption from 2007-13, owing to Techtex producers proximity to large European car manufacturers. The product nomination process was unique to Europe and led to the presence of European Techtex products in different export markets worldwide. European Techtex manufacturers were able to establish a strong and unique position due to their R&D efforts and operational efficiency. However, production declined since 2013, particularly in France and Spain, due to weak demand in the automobile and construction sector.
Technical textiles exports increased by 28.4% in 10 years
In the Global Technical Textile Foreign Trade 2019 Assessment, which was created by the Istanbul Textile and Raw Materials Exporters’ Association (ITHIB) based on the data of 2019, the dimension of trade in this segment is revealed. Accordingly, global technical textile exports decreased by 3.1% in 2019 and reached a value of 107.1 billion USD. On the other hand, it is noted that the sector has achieved an export increase of 28.4% in the last 10 years. China is the biggest seller in technical textiles exports. China took a 25.5% share in global technical textiles exports, achieving an export value of $27.3 billion. China is followed by Germany with a share of 8.4%, the USA with 8% and Italy with a share of 3.9%. While Vietnam had the highest increase in technical textile exports with 20.9% last year, Mexico experienced the hardest decrease with 11.9%.
Turkey was ranked as the 19th biggest supplier of technical textiles with 1.6% share in exports of technical textiles in 2019. Turkey’s exports in 2019 decreased by 1.7% compared to the previous year fell to 1.7 billion USD. 50.4% of the total technical textile exports of Turkey was carried out to EU countries. Here, Germany ranks first with an 8.1% share and 140 million USD in imports.
Overall Technical Textile Market Rankings:
- United Kingdom
- Hong Kong
- S. Korea
- Dominican Republic
- United Arab Emirates
- Saudi Arabia
- Costa Rica
- El Salvador
- Czech Republic
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- Sri Lanka
- Trinidad & Tobago
Type of Technical Textile Products Used
Top 3 Fastest Growing Segments CAGR 2015-2020
Fiber Used in Technical Textiles:
By material, the natural fiber segment is expected to grow at the fastest growth rate during the forecast period. This is attributed to increase in awareness toward environmental pollution caused by synthetic materials. This has resulted in the development and adoption of environment-friendly materials in the technical textiles production, which in turn drives the growth of the market globally.
Technical Textile Market by Process:
By process, the non-woven segment is anticipated to grow at the fastest growth rate during the projection period. It is expected to grow at a growth rate of 5.7% during the forecast period, in terms of revenue. This process improves properties of material, which results in enhanced performance of the textile material. Moreover, properties of the non-woven textiles are cushioning, absorbency, softness, strength, and others. Non-Woven is projected as the most lucrative segment.
The market has been segmented on the basis of major regions such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World (RoW), wherein their value and volume has been projected.
Technical Textiles Consumption: Region-Wise Analysis & Forecast
The Asia-Pacific region accounted for around 33.13% of the total market share in terms of value in 2014, followed by the North American and European regions at 29.13% and 24.02 %, respectively. However, as the technical textiles market in developed countries is getting matured, the market in developing countries such as China, Japan, and India is projected to grow at a higher rate from 2015 to 2020. China, with a CAGR of 5.93%, is projected to grow faster than any other country. This is because of its vast population and high industrial and technological developments in the country.
In most of the developed countries, technical textiles already account for 4% of the total textile production. Even in many developing countries, the proportion is well above 10%. At present, Bangladesh’s contribution in this area is very negligible. However, due to competition from neighboring countries ad emerging economic power, Bangladesh has tremendous potential for production, Consumption and export of technical textile. In the circumstances, textiles are playing major role through its diversified applications and undoubtedly the future of this technical textiles appears tom be bright in this, lot of uses are there. They are medical textiles, protective textiles, agricultural textiles, geotextiles, automotive textiles, smart textiles and industrial textiles.
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Founder & Editor of Textile Learner. He is a Textile Consultant, Blogger & Entrepreneur. He is working as a textile consultant in several local and international companies. He is also a contributor of Wikipedia.