Features of Fabric Drill Machine with Advantage and Disadvantage

Last Updated on 25/06/2023

Features of Fabric Drilling Machine with Advantage and Disadvantage

Saiful Islam
B.Sc. in Textile Engineering
Ahsanullah University of Science and Technology (AUST)
Email: saifulsabuz.tex23@gmail.com
Facebook: Saiful


Cloth / Fabric Drill Machine:
Special fabric drilling machines are used to make drill marks straight through ply spreads. These are made after the components have been cut by placing the drilling machine onto the component bundle. The marking drills are done by a rotating steel needle that is fixed to a stand on the machine. The machine may provide the additional option of heating the needle. Where reference marks are needed away from the edge of a garment part, such as for the position of pockets, button hole, darts and similar features, a hole is often drilled through all the plies of fabric in the lay. For example, pocket position in center of the body or dart position. The drills may be made in fabric spreads of up to 300 mm in height. The weight of the drilling machines varies between 5 and 13 kg.

fabric drill machine
Figure 1: Fabric drill machine

Drill marks, which are round holes, are placed in cut components to show the ends of darts and the placement points of added components like patch pockets or flaps. These marks must be drilled so that after the darts are sewn, the marks remain in the material sewn into the dart. Normally, drill is used cold, hole remains visible until the sewing operator comes to use it.

Parts of Fabric Drilling Machine:
The fabric drilling machine consists of the following main parts (Figure 2): (1 and 2) handles, (3) needle, (4) needle guide, and (5) base plate

Parts of fabric drilling machine
Figure 2: Parts of fabric drilling machine

There are three different types of needles commonly available for drilling hole in the fabric. They are round point, half cup needle and hollow needle.

Features of Drill Machine:

  1. The drill mounting includes a motor, a base plate with a hole to allow the drill to pass through, and a spirit level to ensure that the base is horizontal and hence the drill vertical.
  2. The momentum of drill is completed at 90 ̊ angle in the fabric lay by the level of spirit.
  3. On many fabrics the drill is used cold and the hole remains visible until the sewing operator comes to use it.
  4. For tightly woven fabric the hole is permanent for a long time.
  5. On looser weave fabrics, where the hole may close up, a hot drill is used, which will slightly scorch (দগ্ধ) or fuse the edges of the hole to make it permanent for a long time.
  6. A hypodermic (or dye spot) drill may also be used which leaves a small deposit of paint on ply of fabric to find the mark place easily.
  7. All drill holes must eventually be concealed (অদৃশ্য) by the construction of the garments.

Types of Fabric Drill Machine:
It is three types. They are,

  1. Cold drill: It cuts a tiny circle of fabric plies as it drills down through the fabric lay.
  2. Hot drill: It utilities an electrically heated solid shaft for drilling, which leaves a burn mark to create a permanent identification on loosely constructed woven and knitted fabrics.
  3. Thread markers: It uses a needle that penetrates all the fabric plies in the lay. The thread carried by a needle is left in the fabric, which shows a location of a drill hole. This is suitable on loosely constructed woven and knits where use of a hot notch could lead to fabric damage.

Advantages of Drill Machine:

  1. This machine is needed to mark on the end of components of dresses specially for setting pocket, dart and so on.
  2. It can make the hole permanently for a long.

Disadvantages of Drill Machine:

  1. The use of machine is limited.

Uses/Application of Drill Machine:
It is used to make hole on the fabric for button attaching and to make reference mark for attaching different small components on the garments.


  1. Apparel Machinery and Equipments By R. Rathinamoorthy and R. Surjit
  2. Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials (Second Edition) By I. Viļumsone-Nemes
  3. Garment Manufacturing Technology Edited by Rajkishore Nayak and Rajiv Padhye
  4. Apparel Manufacturing Technology by T. Karthik, P. Ganesan, D. Gopalakrishnan

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